|Attitude about HIVST|
|Experiential attitude||Emotional response related to the uptake of HIVST including enjoying the freedom to test oneself, relief to avoid needle pricks, and fear of seeing blood.|
|Instrumental attitude||Attitude towards HIVST, with anticipated positive consequences, including self-testing at a place of one’s choice, privacy, and convenience, avoiding long queues; reducing time visiting health facilities; less testing and waiting time for test results; reducing counselor’s workload; reducing indirect costs.|
|Perceived norms towards HIVST|
|Injunctive norms||A belief that significant people in their social environment, such as parents and peers, would approve (or disapprove) the use of HIVST.|
|Descriptive norms||An individual’s belief about whether significant people in their social environment, such as parents and peers would use (or not use) HIVST.|
|Personal agency towards HIVST|
|Perceived control||Control belief:|
A perceived likelihood that HIVST will empower people to self-test for HIV. HIVST is likely to minimize stigma; lack of counseling is likely to motivate people to use HIVST
|Beliefs about the facilitators for performance:|
Easy access of kits; availability of self-test kits; disclosure of negative results; positive results triggers action; appropriate locations for delivery of HIVST; strategies for advocacy HIVST; strategies for linkage to HIV care.
|Beliefs about barriers to performance:|
Unaffordable kit price; poverty; illiteracy; poor eye-sight; cost-benefit of HIVST; lack of HIVST policy; lack of counseling & linkage to HIV care; limitations of rapid HIV tests.
|Self-efficacy||The availability of face-to-face counseling will clear doubts about an individual’s capacity to perform HIVST; correct information would increase HIVST knowledge and the capacity to perform HIVST; less confidence to use HIVST correctly when alone.|