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Table 1 Key features of the respondents at baseline

From: Impact of social participation on health among middle-aged and elderly adults: evidence from longitudinal survey data in China

 AllMenWomen
(N = 9645)(N = 4561)(N = 5084)
Proportion (%)
 Marital status
  Married88.791.386.3
  Never married0.71.50.0
  Divorced/Separated10.67.213.6
 Family arrangement
  Living with children28.223.532.4
  Living with parents17.714.520.5
 Socioeconomic status at baseline
  Educational attainment   
   Primary school or below63.553.372.6
   Junior high school22.628.717.2
   Senior high school11.113.98.7
   College or above2.84.11.6
  Urban hokou41.640.642.4
  Work status
   Non-working31.925.537.6
   Employed17.323.411.8
   Self-employed6.99.24.9
   Others54.256.951.7
  Experienced retirement28.223.532.4
 Living environment
  Own house87.287.786.8
  Having running water62.061.362.5
 Health care insurance
  Public health insurance91.792.591.0
  Private health insurance3.03.12.9
 Regions
  East30.931.130.8
  Central33.934.433.3
  West17.016.917.1
  Northeast18.217.518.8
 Age (M, years)58.759.558.1
Household consumption798182397749
 (M; per capita, annual, RMB)
  1. Note: a East = Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, Hainan; Central = Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Hernan, Hubei, Hunan; West = Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang; Northeast = Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang