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Table 3 Themes and Sub-Themes Represented by Included Studies

From: Health problems and healthcare service utilisation amongst homeless adults in Africa- a scoping review

ThemeKey FindingsIncluded Studies
Physical Health Problems (n = 9)Physical Injuries (n = 2)[30, 38]
HIV (n = 6)[30, 36, 38, 39, 44, 46]
Visual Impairments (n = 2)[35, 37]
Hypertension (n = 1)[35]
Skin diseases (n = 2)[35, 38]
Physical disabilities (n = 2)[35, 38]
Coughing (n = 3)[35, 37, 46]
Stomach diseases (n = 2)[37, 46]
Tuberculosis (n = 3)[37,38,39]
Dental Problems (n = 1)[37]
Arthritis (n = 1)[37]
Diabetes (n = 1)[37]
Pneumonia (n = 1)[37]
Asthma (n = 1)[37]
Severe headache (n = 2)[37, 46]
Cardiac diseases (n = 1)[40]
Pulmonary diseases (n = 1)[40]
Fever (n = 1)[46]
Malaise (n = 1)[46]
Mental Health Problems (n = 5)Mental neurologic and substance use (MNS) disorder (n = 1)[11]
Psychotic Disorders (n = 3)[11, 42, 43]
Depression (n = 1)[38]
Schizophrenia (n = 3)[38, 42, 43]
Bipolar and mood disorders (n = 2)[38, 42]
Psychological distress (n = 2)[41, 42]
Anxiety (n = 1)[41]
Alcohol use disorders (n = 1)[42]
Suicide thoughts and attempts (n = 1)[42]
Intellectual disability (n = 1)[43]
Mental and behavioural disturbance (n = 1)[43]
Healthcare Service Utilisation (n = 5)Low hospital and clinic care utilisation (n = 4)[30, 35, 37, 38]
Complementary care usage (Drug vendors, traditional healers) (n = 2)[35, 38]
Self-medication (n = 1)[35]
Lifetime and current usage of modern contraceptives (n = 1)[45]
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