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Table 2 Characteristics of the Included Studies

From: Health problems and healthcare service utilisation amongst homeless adults in Africa- a scoping review

ReferenceCountryAim/PurposeSample typeSample SizeSampling MethodStudy DesignData Collection Methods
[11] Ayano et al. (2017)EthiopiaExamine the prevalence of mental, neurologic, and substance use
(MNS) disorders among street homeless people
Roofless people with overt and observable psychopathology456Multistage cluster
Quantitative (community-based cross-sectional study)Survey questionnaire
[30] Wentzel & Voce (2012)South AfricaDescribe health seeking behaviours and experiences of homeless peopleHomeless persons in shelters18PurposiveQualitativeSemi-structured interview
[35] Abdu et al. (2013)NigeriaExamine prevalence of common diseases among homeless peopleHomeless street people65Not reportedQuantitativeClinical examinations and questionnaire
[36] Moyo et al. (2015)South AfricaExamine the social and health situation of homeless people with mental illnessHomeless persons with suspected mental illness18PurposiveQualitative (exploratory design)In-depth interviews
[37] Olufemi (1999)South AfricaExplore the types of diseases prevalent among the street
homeless women and their use of healthcare services.
Homeless street women88PurposiveQualitativeIn-depth Interview
[38] Seager & Tamasane (2010)South AfricaExplore the health status and health service needs of homeless peopleHomeless street people and people in shelters1247Purposive and convenient samplingMixedStructured interviews, FGDs
[39] Semunigus et al. (2016)EthiopiaDetermine the prevalence
and associated factors of smear positive (PTB) among homeless individuals.
Homeless individuals361Active screening to identify PTB suspectsQuantitative (community based cross-sectional study)Clinical examination and survey questionnaire
[40] Khelil et al. (2017)TunisiaAnalyse causes of
death occurring among homeless persons.
Cases of homeless mortality152CensusQuantitative (descriptive, retrospective)Clinical database search
[41] De-Graft Aikins & Ofori-Atta (2007)GhanaExplore everyday experiences and mental health of individuals
living in squatter settlements
Homeless adults living in squats28PurposiveQualitativeIn-depth interview
[42] Fekadu et al. (2014)EthiopiaDetermine the burden of mental health problems and associated unmet needsStreet homeless people 18 years and above217Double stage samplingQuantitative (Cross-sectional Study)Clinical examination and Survey questionnaire
[43] Gouveia et al.(2014)MozambiqueDescribe the mental health status of the homeless people.Homeless people with apparent mental illness71Not reportedQuantitative (descriptive)Structured clinical interview, survey questionnaire
[44] Lohrmann et al. (2012)South AfricaInvestigate the HIV prevalence and risk factors among urban
homeless individuals.
Adults from a homeless clinic136Census of soup kitchen attendantsQuantitative (Cross-sectional Study)Clinical HIV test, demographic survey
[45] Megabiaw (2012)EthiopiaAssess awareness and usage of modern contraceptives among street womenStreet women204ClusterQuantitative (Cross-sectional Study)Survey Questionnaire
[46] Moges et al. (2006)EthiopiaAssess the prevalence of HIV and intestinal parasites among street dwellersStreet dwellers404Simple randomQuantitative (Cross-sectional Study)Clinical examination and questionnaire