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Table 5 Factors associated with mortality among persons with BC-PTB in rural eastern Uganda

From: Treatment success and mortality among adults with tuberculosis in rural eastern Uganda: a retrospective cohort study

CharacteristicsLevelAlive
n = 906 (91.8%)
Died
n = 81 (8.2%)
Modified Poisson regression analysis
Unadjusted analysis
(RR, 95% CI)
Adjusted analysis
(RR, 95% CI)
DistrictSoroti418 (46.1)45 (55.6)Ref Ref 
Kumi213 (23.5)15 (18.5)0.68(0.39,1.19)0.74(0.25,2.18)
Ngora125 (13.8)16 (19.8)1.17(0.68,2.00)1.74(0.63,4.82)
Serere150 (16.6)5 (6.2)0.33*(0.13,0.82)0.57(0.18,1.88)
Level of health facilityHealth Center IV386 (42.6)22 (27.2)Ref Ref 
District Hospital182 (20.1)19 (23.5)1.75(0.97,3.16)1.38(0.69,2.75)
Referral Hospital338 (37.3)40 (49.4)1.96**(1.19,3.24)1.99(0.81,4.89)
Year of TB treatment2015  Ref Ref 
One year increase  0.78**(0.64,0.93)0.80*(0.66,0.97)
Age group15–34436 (48.1)24 (29.6)Ref Ref 
35–50297 (32.8)31 (38.3)1.81*(1.08,3.03)1.56(0.96,2.55)
> 50173 (19.1)26 (32.1)2.50***(1.47,4.25)2.93***(1.74,4.92)
HIV statusNegative673 (74.3)31 (38.3)Ref Ref 
Positive233 (27.7)50 (61.7)4.01***(2.62,6.15)4.48***(2.95,6.79)
Type of DOTSFacility36 (4.0)9 (11.1)Ref Ref 
Community870 (96.0)72 (88.9)0.38**(0.20,0.71)0.26***(0.13,0.50)
  1. Note: 95% confidence intervals for risk ratio (RR) in brackets; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001; RR: Unadjusted risk ratio; aRR: Adjusted risk ratio