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Table 5 Vaccine wastage rates reported from India and globally

From: Documentation of vaccine wastage in two different geographic contexts under the universal immunization program in India

AuthorStateLevelWastage rates for vaccines (%)
BCGOPVDPTHBVLPVDTTTIPVMeaslesMRMMR
India
 Unicef (2010) [2]UPOR584019 20 26 
HPOR65755857 53 58 
TNOR65462030 32 35 
MHOR54513537 55 44 
ASOR685634 41 41 
PooledOR60.947.426.833.1 33.7 35.1 
 Chinnakali P et al. (2012) [6]DelhiOR70.948.138.6 57.362.8 39.937.5
 Mukherjee et al. (2013) [7]UPStorea50.835.719.6  46.054.1 31.7  
BiharStorea58.846.924.1  33.634.1 22.3  
WBStorea45.566.760.5  46.255.4 28.3  
GoaStorea56.336.320.8  37.229.3 28.4  
PooledStorea49.352.738.9  39.148.0 27.9  
 Mehta S et al. (2013) [8]GJStorea45251621    25  
 Shah HD et al. (2016) [9]GJStorea42.5 40.9 30.7 35.8 40.4  
 Patel PB et al. (2016) [10]GJStorea 13.68.5      
 Duttagupta C et al. (2017) [11]KAStorea64.641.450.2 24.5   32.5  
 Gupta V et al. (2015) [12]HRStoreb77.928.946.738.67.4 36.8 41.2  
 Daya P et al. (2015) [13]PDStoreb 2.48.45.3  4.2 46.5 1.4
 Sharma G et al. (2016) [14]RJStoreb21.329.412.79.29.3   27.6  
 Parmar D et al. (2016) [4]MHStoreb22.96.73.46.5  6.13 11  
 Tiwari R et al. (2017) [15]MPStoreb20.714.615.610.55.27.010.421.6  
Other countries
 Guichard S et al. (2010) [16]BGStorea84.4 45.1   34.8 68.6  
 Wallace AS et al. (2017) [17]NigeriaStorea22.522.51821  28 27  
OR30352122  30 23  
 Usuf E et al. (2018) [18]GambiaStorea54.94.40.11.92.5 2.05.115.6  
  1. AS Assam, BG Bangladesh, GJ Gujarat, HP Himachal Pradesh, HR Haryana, KA Karnataka, MH Maharashtra, MP Madhya Pradesh, PD Puducherry, RJ Rajasthan, TN Tamil Nadu, UP Uttar Pradesh, WB West Bengal
  2. aVaccine store and outreach combined
  3. bSingle facility immunization clinic