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Table 4 Factors associated with fall among adults with visual impairment in Gondar University Specialized Referral Hospital, Ethiopia (n = 328)

From: Self-reported fall and associated factors among adult people with visual impairment in Gondar, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

VariablesSelf-reported fallUnivariate COR (95%CI)Multivariate AOR (95%CI)
YesNo
Age (years)
 18–4416621.19 (0.61–2.34)0.39 (0.14–1.16)
 45–64341102.17 (1.09–4.27) *0.37 (0.12–1.16)
  > 6438681.001.00
Residence
 Urban45901.001.00
 Rural431500.57 (0.35–0.94) *0.69 (0.32–1.49)
Fear of falling
 Not at all concerned81151.001.00
 Somewhat concerned26814.49 (1.94–10.43) **4.12 (1.44–11.76) **
 Very concerned544716.08 (7.11–36.4) **10.03 (3.03–33.21) **
Sleep disturbance
 No482031.001.00
 Yes40374.57 (2.67–7.89) *1.62 (0.73–3.58)
Depression
 No762301.001.00
 Yes12103.6 (1.51–8.74) **3.46 (1.11–10.79) **
Severity of visual impairment
 Mild181151.001.00
 Moderate39930.16 (0.08–0.33) *1.01 (0.32–3.14)
 Severe31320.43 (0.23–0.79) *1.11 (0.47–2.63)
Visual impairment
 One eye06701.001.00
 Both eyes821705.62 (2.35–13.49)*3.21 (1.11–9.29)*
Medication intake
 No321901.001.00
 Yes56506.65 (3.89–11.35) **4.63 (2.14–10.00) **
Diabetes mellitus
 No742341.001.00
 Yes1467.38 (2.42–19.88) *1.64 (0.24–10.79)
Hypertension
 No722311.001.00
 Yes1695.7 (2.42–13.45) *1.85 (0.55–6.17)
  1. *variables significant with p-value ≤0.01; ** variables significant with p-value ≤0.05, 1 = reference category; COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval