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Table 3 The self-reported prevalence of fall among adults with visual impairment in Gondar University Specialized Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

From: Self-reported fall and associated factors among adult people with visual impairment in Gondar, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

VariablesSelf-reported falls
Yes (n = 88)No (n = 240)
Sex
 Male46 (52.3)143 (59.6)
 Female42 (47.7)97 (40.4)
Residence
 Urban45 (51.1%)90 (37.5)
 Rural43 (48.9%)150 (63.5)
Age in years
 18–4416 (18.2)62 (30.2)
 45–6434 (38.6)110 (45.8)
  > 6438 (43.2)68 (28.3)
BMI in kg/m2
 Underweight (< 18.5)27 (30.7)52 (21.7)
 Normal (18.5–24.9)55 (62.5)176 (73.3)
 Overweight (25–29.9)6 (6.8)7 (2.9)
Marital status
 Single not married4 (4.5)8 (3.3)
 Married60 (68.2)201 (83.7)
 Divorced8 (9.1)23 (9.7)
 Widowed16 (18.2)8 (3.3)
Fear of fall
 Not concerned8 (9.1)115 (47.9)
 Somewhat concerned26 (29.5)81 (33.7)
 Very concerned54 (61.4)47 (19.4)
Severity of impairment
 Mild visual impairment18 (20.4)115 (47.9)
 Moderate visual impairment39 (43.3)93 (38.7)
 Severe visual impairment31 (35.3)32 (13.3)
Eye involved
 One eye06 (6.9)70 (29.2)
 Both eyes82 (93.1)170 (70.8)
Cause of Visual impairment
 Cataract21 (23.9)13 (6.7)
 Glaucoma37 (42.0)116 (59.8)
 ARM8 (9.1)17 (8.8)
 Diabetic retinopathy10 (11.4)3 (1.5)
 URE8 (9.1)5 (2.6)
 Others eye disease4 (4.5)40 (20.6)
Level of mobility
 Independent without mobility aid56 (63.6)209 (87.1)
 Independent with mobility aid32 (36.4)31 (12.9)
  1. BMI body mass index, ARM age-related maculopathy, URE uncorrected refractive error