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Table 3 Difference in PA, fundamental movement skills, food intake/served between the intervention and control groupsa

From: Effectiveness of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé approach on physical activity, healthy eating and fundamental movement skills of preschoolers attending childcare centres: a randomized controlled trial

 Controlb GroupInterventionb GroupModels 1cModels 2d
Mean (standard deviation)
Pre
Mean (standard deviation)
Post
Mean (standard deviation)
Pre
Mean (standard deviation)
Post
Beta for intervention-control group difference (standarderror)p-valueBeta for intervention-control group difference (standarderror)p-value
Physical Activity(n = 119) (n = 140)     
Total physical activity (minutes/day)189.00 (42.23)193.87 (44.12)170.34 (44.70)180.28 (48.11)6.42 (6.18)0.35.98 (6.28)0.3
MVPA (minutes/day)32.31 (16.98)37.65 (18.36)25.78 (12.97)34.31 (17.65)2.68 (2.49)0.32.01 (2.54)0.4
LPA (minutes/day)156.69 (35.10)156.22 (34.54)144.56 (36.18)145.98 (35.32)3.81 (4.8)0.44.11 (4.86)0.4
Sedentary time (minutes/day)291.00 (42.23)286.13 (44.12)309.66 (44.71)299.72 (48.11)−6.42 (6.18)0.3−5.98 (6.28)0.3
Fundamental movement skills(n = 236) (n = 256)     
Locomotor (score)44.35 (16.93)44.72 (15.49)38.55 (15.92)43.02 (15.61)3.84 (2.09)0.0013.33 (1.28)0.009
Object Control (score)45.41 (16.55)43.69 (14.80)43.02 (15.61)44.08 (14.85)3.38 (2.63)0.2011.61 (2.55)0.5
Food Intake(n = 314) (n = 356)     
Fiber (g)2.42 (1.42)2.67 (1.74)2.40 (1.44)2.46 (1.37)−0.09 (0.04)0.05−0.068 (0.047)0.1
Vegetables and fruit (servings)0.63 (0.52)0.76 (0.69)0.66 (0.46)0.81 (0.57)0.01 (0.03)0.70.02 (0.03)0.6
Sodium (mg)474.94 (307.73)485.79 (328.91)528.92 (418.72)521.07 (326.90)−0.05 (0.7)0.9−0.12 (0.76)0.9
Food Served(n = 314) (n = 356)     
Fiber (g)2.84 (1.52)2.99 (1.76)2.68 (1.34)2.73 (1.43)−0.1 (0.04)0.02−0.07 (0.045)0.1
Vegetables and fruit (servings)0.76 (0.56)0.85 (0.70)0.76 (0.46)0.92 (0.57)0.04 (0.03)0.20.06 (0.03)0.05
Sodium (mg)544.68 (336.68)545.39 (348.24)586.64 (430.55)581.53 (387.46)0.29 (0.7)0.70.26 (0.73)0.7
  1. aBetween group differences are based on mixed-effect linear regression models which include variables representing participants and childcare centres as random effects to account for repeated measures and for clustering of participants in childcare centres
  2. bMeans in this column are based on all data available at each measurement period
  3. cRepresents the interaction term between time and group. To be included in this analysis, participants had to have provided data for both the pre and post measurement periods
  4. dRepresents the interaction term between time and group with adjustments for age, sex, size of childcare centre, neighbourhood income, language, province, rurality and a physical activity environment score for physical activity and gross motor skills outcomes or a nutrition environmental score for food intake and food served outcomes