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Table 2 Predictors of making early ANC visits in Gambia (n = 5351)

From: Prenatal care and uptake of HIV testing among pregnant women in Gambia: a cross-sectional study

 OverallUrbanRural
Age (15–19)111
20–240.71* [0.55,0.92]0.96 [0.57,1.63]0.63** [0.47,0.86]
25–290.97 [0.75,1.26]1.11 [0.66,1.86]0.96 [0.71,1.29]
30–341.00 [0.77,1.31]1.35 [0.80,2.29]0.87 [0.63,1.20]
35–391.07 [0.80,1.44]1.37 [0.79,2.40]0.96 [0.67,1.37]
40–441.09 [0.77,1.53]1.64 [0.85,3.16]0.89 [0.59,1.34]
45–491.04 [0.66,1.63]1.06 [0.43,2.65]0.99 [0.58,1.69]
Residency (Urban)1NANA
Rural1.30* [1.10,1.59]  
Education (No Education)111
Primary1.18 [0.99,1.40]0.93 [0.68,1.26]1.33** [1.08,1.65]
Secondary1.24* [1.04,1.48]1.28 [1.00,1.65]1.15 [0.89,1.48]
Higher1.80** [1.20,2.70]1.58 [1.00,2.51]2.37 [0.88,6.38]
Husband’s education (No Education)111
Primary1.21 [0.94,1.57]1.29 [0.87,1.92]1.19 [0.85,1.68]
Secondary1.07 [0.91,1.26]1.11 [0.87,1.42]1.05 [0.83,1.32]
Higher1.18 [0.90,1.55]1.42 [0.99,2.03]0.93 [0.61,1.43]
Employment (Not Working)111
Professional/Technical/Managerial1.03 [0.88,1.21]1.11 [0.90,1.38]0.92 [0.71,1.18]
Agricultural - Self Employed1.33*** [1.14,1.54]1.52* [1.02,2.25]1.24* [1.04,1.47]
Wealth quintile (Poorest)111
Poorer1.05 [0.89,1.25]0.72 [0.38,1.35]1.10 [0.92,1.31]
Middle1.02 [0.85,1.22]0.92 [0.55,1.53]1.03 [0.85,1.26]
Richer1.05 [0.83,1.33]0.89 [0.56,1.42]0.93 [0.65,1.33]
Richest1.49** [1.14,1.95]1.14 [0.71,1.84]4.78* [1.25,1.83]
Access to electronic media (No)111
Yes0.92 [0.77,1.11]1.17 [0.70,1.95]0.88 [0.72,1.08]
Heard of FP on internet (No)111
Yes1.85* [1.05,3.26]1.57 [0.72,3.43]2.18 [0.95,5.00]
Religion (Islam)111
Other1.15 [0.71,1.87]1.48 [0.77,2.86]0.74 [0.35,1.58]
Ethnicity (Mandinka/Jahanka)111
Wollof0.66*** [0.54,0.80]0.85 [0.61,1.19]0.56*** [0.43,0.72]
Jola/Karoninka1.17 [0.92,1.49]1.11 [0.79,1.58]1.24 [0.88,1.77]
Fula/Tukulur/Lorobo1.11 [0.95,1.30]1.06 [0.79,1.42]1.09 [0.90,1.31]
Serahuleh1.10 [0.87,1.39]1.24 [0.77,2.00]1.00 [0.76,1.32]
Other1.17 [0.95,1.44]1.21 [0.91,1.60]1.19 [0.86,1.63]
Parity (1–5)111
> 50.83* [0.69,0.99]0.73 [0.53,1.02]0.91 [0.73,1.13]
Household head (Male)111
Female0.99 [0.84,1.17]1.10 [0.88,1.36]0.88 [0.68,1.14]
Child wanted (Wanted Then)111
Wanted No More0.70*** [0.59,0.84]0.85 [0.64,1.12]0.61*** [0.48,0.77]
Pseudo R20.020.030.03
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; 95% confidence intervals in brackets
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001