Skip to main content

Table 1 Diet quality score components, dietary guidelines and scoring per component

From: Exploring food insecurity and obesity in Dutch disadvantaged neighborhoods: a cross-sectional mediation analysis

Component Recommendations by the Health Council of the Netherlands and/ or the Netherlands Nutrition Centre % contribution to component score Units Score
0 5 10
Vegetablesa,b Eat at least 200 grams of vegetables daily 100 Grams/ d 0 Continuous ≥200
Fruita,b Eat at least 200 grams of fruit daily 100 Pieces/ d 0 Continuous ≥ 2
Fisha,b Eat one serving of fish weekly, preferably oily fish 50 Servings/ w 0 <1 ≥ 1
50 - No fish consumed Lean or both lean and fatty fish Mostly fatty fish
Breadb Replace refined cereal products by whole-grain products 50 - Mostly white bread Both white and brown/ whole-grain bread Mostly brown/ whole-grain bread
Women: 4-5 brown/ whole-grain sandwiches daily 50 Sandwiches/ d 0 Continuous ≥ 4
Men: 6-8 brown/ whole-grain sandwiches daily   Sandwiches/ d 0 Continuous ≥ 6
Oils and fatsb Replace butter, hard margarines and cooking fats by soft margarines, liquid cooking fats, and vegetable oils 50 - Butter, hard margarines Both butter, hard margarines and oils and soft margarines Oils and soft margarines
50 - Butter on bread or bread is not buttered at all Semi-skimmed butter or hard margarine on bread Diet margarine on bread
Sweet and savory snacksb For products outside the Wheel of Five: choose an item from the daily selection no more than three to five times per day, and something from the weekly selection no more than three times a week 25 Sweet snacks (larger serving)/ w ≥ 3 <1 to 2 Not consumed
25 Sweet snacks (small serving)/ d > 3 Continuous Not consumed
25 Savory snacks (larger serving)/ w ≥ 3 1 to 2 Not consumed
25 Savory snacks (small serving)/ d > 3 Continuous Not consumed
  1. aComponents included in the FIN-Diet score: vegetables; fruit; and fish
  2. bComponents included in the TOT-Diet score: vegetables; fruit; fish; bread; oils and fats; and sweet and savory snacks