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Table 1 Characteristics of 401 mother child dyads characteristics in rural South Africa and Tanzania

From: Psychosocial and environmental determinants of child cognitive development in rural south africa and tanzania: findings from the mal-ed cohort

Variables
Count (%) or Median [IQR]
South Africa
n = 230
Tanzania
n = 171
Total
n = 401
Missing
n = 175
Sex119 (51.7)84 (49.1)203 (50.6)89 (50.9)
Bodyweight for Age-0.32 [-0.94, 0.28]-0.03 [-0.61, 0.58]-0.18[-0.85, 0.38]-0.36 [-0.94, 0.16]
Environmental Factors
 Organization of the Environment132 (58.4)*99 (57.9)231 (58.2)*64 (59.8)*
 Provision of Play Material128 (56.6)*112 (65.5)240 (60.5)*69 (64.5)*
 Opportunities for Stimulation143 (63.3)*139 (81.3)282 (71.0)*80 (74.8)*
 Cleanliness of the Child200 (88.5)*64 (37.4)264 (66.5)*71 (66.4)*
 WAMI – Socioeconomic Status0.79 [0.71, 0.85]*0.20 [0.13, 0.39]0.66 [0.32, 0.80]*0.30 (0.20, 0.51)*
Maternal Factors
 Responsivity of the Caregiver68 (30.1)136 (79.5)204 (51.4)76 (71.0)
 Avoidance of Punishment96 (42.8)158 (92.4)254 (64.0)91 (85.1)
 Promotion of Child Development180 (79.7)137 (80.1)317 (79.9)88 (82.2)
 Depressive Symptoms 1,6, 12 mo.53 (23.3)*38 (22.2)91 (22.8)*43 (30.3)*
 Depressive Symptoms 24, 36 mo.62 (28.6)*33 (19.9)*95 (24.8)*12 (30.8)*
 Depressive Symptoms 60 mo.46 (20.1)*22 (13.4)*68 (17.3)*3 (17.7)*
 Maternal Education > 7/10years115 (50.0)98 (57.3)213 (53.1)104 (59.4)
  1. * Missing