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Table 2 Final multivariate logistic regression model for the association between sociodemographic, lifestyle and health-seeking behaviours and type 2 diabetes

From: Correlates of type 2 diabetes and glycaemic control in adults in Saudi Arabia a secondary data analysis of the Saudi health interview survey

VariablesΒSEOdds Ratio (95% CI)p-value
Gender
 MaleREFREFREF 
 Female−0.640.090.52 (0.43, 0.63)<  0.001
Age
  15-54REFREFREF 
  ≥ 551.620.095.09 (4.19, 6.18)<  0.001
BMI
 Overweight or obesityREFREFREF 
 Normal weight− 0.990.120.37 (0.29, 0.47)<  0.001
Hypertension
 NoREFREFREF 
 Yes1.520.204.58 (3.07, 6.82)<  0.001
Chronic disease diagnosis
 NoREFREFREF 
 Yes0.500.111.65 (1.32, 2.07)<  0.001
Self-reported health status compared with 12 months
Status
    
Better or sameREFREFREF 
Worse0.470.101.61(1.31, 1.97)<  0.001
Dietary fast food intake
 0–1 per weekREFREFREF 
 2+ per week−0.690.120.49 (0.39, 0.63)<  0.001
Walking behaviour more than 10 mints per day
 NoREFREFREF 
 Yes−0.320.090.72 (0.60, 0.86)<  0.001
Interaction
Age (15-54)* Chronic disease diagnosis (No)REFREFREF 
Age(≥ 55) * Chronic disease diagnosis (Yes)−0.890.220.40 (0.26, 0.63)<  0.001
Age(15-54)* Self-reported health status compared with 12 months (Better or same)REFREFREF 
Age (≥ 55) * Self-reported health status compared with 12 months (Worse)−0.620.200.53 (0.36, 0.79)0.002
  1. REF Reference category, SE Standard error, CI Confidence interval, BMI Body mass index. B, beta coefficient