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Table 3 Estimated cost of diarrhea illness in children by income group (in 2015 USD)

From: Cost of illness for childhood diarrhea in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of evidence and modelled estimates

 InpatientOutpatient
TotalDirect medicalDirect non-medicalIndirectTotalDirect medicalDirect non-medicalIndirect
All countries (N = 137)
 Mean260.60144.8329.8485.9456.419.233.1943.99
 Weighted mean216.36112.4123.1680.7952.168.032.7741.36
 Maximum1225.36740.48152.57332.31201.9125.618.83170.11
 Minimum23.778.181.696.388.813.491.203.26
 Median177.2088.8718.3169.3947.567.832.7035.52
 SD243.20146.7730.2471.5642.644.961.7136.63
Low income countries (N = 34)
 Mean45.7525.675.2914.7914.024.801.657.57
 Weighted mean44.2324.405.0314.8013.944.731.637.58
 Maximum157.71103.9321.4132.3629.099.313.2116.57
 Minimum36.608.181.6924.5618.383.491.2012.57
 Median44.0224.234.9914.5213.364.741.637.43
 SD22.1515.063.104.953.510.880.302.53
Lower-middle income countries (N = 47)
 Mean143.0974.1515.2853.6636.887.002.4127.47
 Weighted mean116.5957.3311.8147.4532.586.172.1324.29
 Maximum312.31205.2242.2897.1063.8613.434.6349.71
 Minimum36.608.181.6924.5618.383.491.2012.57
 Median134.7768.5514.1248.6735.946.762.3324.92
 SD66.7042.198.6921.8112.751.910.6611.16
Upper-middle income countries (N = 56)
 Mean489.67276.4956.97156.2298.5413.814.7679.97
 Weighted mean491.10259.7053.51177.89108.8413.224.5691.06
 Maximum1225.36740.48152.57332.31201.9125.618.83170.11
 Minimum189.4562.7512.9375.8351.955.661.9538.82
 Median452.14250.0551.52144.5993.5913.064.5074.01
 SD220.39144.6329.8056.8233.454.421.5329.08
  1. N represents the number of countries in each income category. The weighted mean is the mean value weighted by the country population under 5 years old (for year 2018) in each income group
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