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Table 2 Sample Characteristics (n = 10,819)

From: Ethnicity and health inequalities: an empirical study based on the 2010 China survey of social change (CSSC) in Western China

  Ethnicity Whole sample P
Ethnic minority Han Chinese
No N %. No N %. No N %.
Self-rated Health Poor health 466 15.7% 1054 13.4% 1520 14.0% 0.002
Good health 2496 84.3% 6803 86.6% 9299 86.0%
Age Young 1421 48.0% 2934 37.3% 4355 40.3% 0.000
Middle aged 1336 45.1% 4020 51.2% 5356 49.5%
Old 205 6.9% 903 11.5% 1108 10.2%
Gender Female 1333 45.0% 4004 51.0% 5337 49.3% 0.000
Male 1629 55.0% 3853 49.0% 5482 50.7%
Marital Status Non-partnered 538 18.2% 1424 18.1% 1962 18.1% 0.962
Partnered 2424 81.8% 6433 81.9% 8857 81.9%
Education Illiterate 847 28.6% 916 11.7% 1763 16.3% 0.000
Primary school 902 30.5% 1891 24.1% 2793 25.8%
Middle school 717 24.2% 2505 31.9% 3222 29.8%
Senior high school 324 10.9% 1646 20.9% 1970 18.2%
College/university or above 172 5.8% 899 11.4% 1071 9.9%
Subjective Social Status (SSS) Lower 648 21.9% 2466 31.4% 3114 28.8% 0.000
Lower-middle 798 26.9% 2186 27.8% 2984 27.6%
Middle 1307 44.1% 2869 36.5% 4176 38.6%
Upper-middle 185 6.2% 304 3.9% 489 4.5%
Upper 24 .8% 32 .4% 56 0.5%
Smoking Status Current smoker 2056 69.4% 5070 64.5% 7126 65.9% 0.000
Non-smoker 906 30.6% 2787 35.5% 3693 34.1%
Alcohol Consumption High-risk drinker 214 7.2% 679 8.6% 893 8.3% 0.000
Moderate-risk drinker 360 12.2% 1062 13.5% 1422 13.1%
Low-risk drinker 420 14.2% 1535 19.5% 1955 18.1%
Non-drinker 1968 66.4% 4581 58.3% 6549 60.5%
Physical Exercise Regularly/every day 476 16.1% 2029 25.8% 2505 23.2% 0.000
Several times a week 208 7.0% 891 11.3% 1099 10.2%
Several times a month 181 6.1% 662 8.4% 843 7.8%
Once a month or less 240 8.1% 673 8.6% 913 8.4%
Never 1857 62.7% 3602 45.8% 5459 50.5%
Health Problems Person with chronic disease 918 31.0% 2482 31.6% 3400 31.4% 0.551
Non-sufferer 2044 69.0% 5375 68.4% 7419 68.6%