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Table 2 Goals and strategies for the management of depression in each stage

From: Effects of a transtheoretical model - based intervention and motivational interviewing on the management of depression in hospitalized patients with coronary heart disease: a randomized controlled trial

StageGoalStrategiesTechniques and processes of change
Precontemplation
Contemplation
Finding and establishing the intrinsic motivation of behavior change through interviewing.
Improve depression.
Provide knowledge about depression and CHD and the risks of depression (physical and psychosocial health).
Encourage thinking about the benefits of improvements in depression.
Listening and guidance.
Consciousness awakening, emotional arousal, self-reevaluation, environmental reevaluation and social liberation.
Preparation
Action
Increase motivation and Confidence.
Negotiate and make action plan for change.
Take action to alleviate depression.
Provide specific strategies to prevent and manage depression.
Help patients enhance their skills and develop action plans.
Timely confirmation.
Awakening consciousness, helping relationships, self-emancipation, enhancing management and situational substitution.
MaintenanceKeep following up in hospital.
Enhance patients’ self-confidence in managing depression.
Provide examples and experiences of successful improvement of depression, and affirm the efforts and achievements of patients.
Explore situations that may hinder action.
Provide appropriate coping strategies.
Helping relationships, self-emancipation, enhanced management, situational substitution, and stimulus control.