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Table 1 Sociodemographic data for all participants

From: Are we doing enough? Improved breastfeeding practices at 14 weeks but challenges of non-initiation and early cessation of breastfeeding remain: findings of two consecutive cross-sectional surveys in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

ALL CARERSKIBS1
N = 4172
n (%)
KIBS2
N = 929
n (%)
P value
Relationship with the child  0.12
 Mother3659 (87.7)788 (84.8) 
 Grandmother196 (4.7)61 (6.6) 
 Father36 (0.9)6 (0.6) 
 Other relative203 (4.9)59 (6.4) 
 Non relative caregiver78 (1.9)15 (1.6) 
Population group0.13
 African4094 (98.1)898 (96.7) 
 Coloured19 (0.5)8 (0.9) 
 Indian origin46 (1.1)16 (1.7) 
 White13 (0.3)1 (0.1) 
 Other06 (0.6) 
Characteristics of the baby 
 Sex of baby (% male)2045 (49.0)472 (50.8)0.31
MOTHERS ONLY
Mother characteristicsN = 3659
n (%)
N = 788
n (%)
 
  Aged under 18 years273 (7.5)37 (4.7)0.009
  Has more than one child2010 (54.9)449 (57.0)0.36
  In a relationship with the child’s father3244 (88.7)740 (93.9)0.001
  Staying in same house as child’s father874 (23.9)221 (28.0)0.10
  Mother is HIV positive1274 (34.8)303 (38.7)0.058
Mothers education level  0.001
  None36 (1.0)9 (1.1) 
  Completed Grade 1–7288 (7.9)44 (5.6) 
  Completed Grades 8–111884 (51.5)293 (37.2) 
  Completed Grade 12 or above1451 (39.7)442 (56.1) 
  Mother has returned to school since birth246 (6.7)38 (4.8)0.061
Income
  Mother had returned to work since birth296 (8.1)65(8.2)0.92
  Receives child support grant for any child2445 (66.8)465 (59.0)0.03
HOUSEHOLD
 Mother lives in rural area2498 (68.3)511 (64.8)0.74
Water source  0.26
 Piped in house/yard2023 (55.3)499 (63.3) 
 Piped public tap874 (23.9)155 (19.7) 
 Other safe water source (tanker truck)63 (1.7)26 (3.0) 
 Unsafe water source699 (19.1)108 (13.7) 
HH connected to electricity
 Yes2922 (79.9)698 (88.6)0.056
Fuel used for cooking  0.01
 Electricity2274 (62.1)618 (78.4) 
 Wood1010 (27.6)122 (15.5) 
 Other (gas, paraffin, cow dung)375 (10.3)48 (6.1) 
Type of toilet  0.052
 Ventilated pit latrine1746 (47.7)345 (43.8) 
 Pit latrine955 (26.1)149 (18.9) 
 Flush toilet in house / yard873 (23.9)287 (36.4) 
 Bucket, Bush, No toilet85 (2.3)7 (0.9)