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Table 5 Child- and family oral health related quality of life scores (ECOHIS> 0) by HIV-1 exposure status, socio-demographic –clinical and behavioral factors. Unadjusted and adjusted ordinary logistic regression and mixed model logistic regression

From: Caries experience and oral health related quality of life in a cohort of Ugandan HIV-1 exposed uninfected children compared with a matched cohort of HIV unexposed uninfected children

Child characteristics Unadjusted Univariate OLRc Adjusted OLRc Adjusted RIMd
HIV-status % (n) OR (95% CI)e OR (95% CI)e OR (95% CI)e
HIV unexposed- uninfected 22 (38) 1 1 1
HIV exposed uninfected 12 (20)a 0.5 (0.3–0.9)a 1.5 (0.5–4.4) 1.4 (0.4–4.8)
Sex
 Male 17 (29) 1   
 Female 18 (29) 1.1 (0.6–1.9)   
Age
 5 year 13 (13) 1   
 6–7 year 19 (46) 1.6 (0.8–3.1)   
Ever taken to dental care
 No 14 (42) 1 1 1
 Yes 48 (16)b 5.9 (2.8–12.6)f 4.2 (1.9–9.3) 5.0 (1.8–13.6)
Caries experience
 dmft = 0 7 (10) 1 1 1
 dmft> 0 26 (48)b 5.2 (2.5–10.7)f 4.3 (2.0–9.1) 4.6 (2.0–10.6)
Breastfeeding duration
 0–6 months 14 (8) 1 1 1
 7–12 months 11 (14) 0.7 (0.3–1.9) 0.7 (0.3–2.0) 0.8 (0.3–2.3)
  > 12 months 23 (36)a 1.8 (0.8–4.3)g 2.2 (0.6–8.3) 2.3 (0.5–10.0)
Mother /caretaker characteristics
Tooth brushing
 No 17 (28) 1   
 Yes 18 (29) 1.1 (0.6–1.9)   
Caries experience
DMFT = 0 13 (11) 1   
DMFT > 0 19 (48) 1.6 (0.8–3.4)   
Marital status
 Single/divorced, widow 13 (10) 1   
 Married/cohabiting 19 (48) 1.5 (0.7–3.0)   
Type of income
 No regular 15 (33) 1   
 Regular 21 (24) 1.6 (0.9–2.8)   
Educational level
 Primary school 19 (23) 1   
 End of primary school 15 (10) 0.8 (0.4–1.8)   
 Middle/high school 19 (23) 1.0 (0.5–1.8)   
  1. Intra class correlation (95% CI); 0.2 (0.0–0.7)
  2. dmft/DMFT Decayed, missing, filled teeth ap < 0.05; χ 2test, b p < 0.001;χ2test, c Ordinary least square, d Random intercept model, e Odds ratio (95% confidence interval), fp < 0.001, gp < 0.05