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Table 4 Children’s dental caries experience (dmft> 0) by HIV.1 exposure status socio-demographic- clinical and behavioral characteristics. Unadjusted and adjusted ordinary logistic regression and mixed model logistic regression

From: Caries experience and oral health related quality of life in a cohort of Ugandan HIV-1 exposed uninfected children compared with a matched cohort of HIV unexposed uninfected children

Child characteristics Cross tabulation OLSc
dmft> 0
Adjusted OLSc
dmft> 0
Adjusted RIMd
dmft> 0
HIV-1Status % (n) OR (95% CI)e OR (95% CI)e OR (95% CI)e
HIV-1 unexposeed uninfected 60 (109) 1 1 1
HIV exposed uninfected 48 (79)a 0.6 (0.4–0.9)f 0.8 (0.4–1.2) 0.7 (0.4–1.2)
Sex
 Male 58 (102) 1   
 Female 51 (87) 0.8 (0.5–1.2)   
Age
 5 year 55 (56) 1   
 6-7 year 54 (132) 1.0 (0.6–1.5)   
Ever taken to dental care
 No 51 (159) 1 1 1
 Yes 85 (29)b 5.5 (2.0–14.7)g 3.1 (1.1–8.9) 3.1 (1.1–8.9)
Ever toothache
 No 48 (139) 1 1 1
 Yes 89 (49)b 8.9 (3.7–21.3)g 7.8 (2.9–20.6) 7.8 (3.0–20.7)
Breastfeeding duration
 0–6 months 54 (30) 1   
 7–12 months 50 (65) 0.9 (0.5–1.6)   
 > 12 months 59 (92) 1.2 (0.7–2.3)   
Mother /caretaker characteristics
Tooth brushing
 No 49 (86) 1 1 1
 Yes 60 (99)a 1.5 (1.0–2.4)f 1.6 (1.0–2.8) 1.6 (1.0–2.6)
Caries experience
DMFT = 0 44 (37) 1 1 1
DMFT > 0 58 (151)a 1.7 (1.0–2.8)f 1.6 (1.0–2.8) 1.6 (1.0–2.8)
Marital status
 Single/divorced, widow 55 (42) 1   
 Married/cohabiting 54 (145) 1.0 (0.6–1.6)   
Type of income
 No regular 51 (116) 1 1 1
 Regular 62 (72)a 1.6 (1.0–2.5)f 1.7 (1.0–2.8) 1.7 (1.0–2.8)
Educational level
 No- end of Primary school 60 (184) 1   
 Middle/high school 40 (122) 1.1 (0.7–1.7)   
  1. Intra class correlation ~ 0
  2. Dmft/DMFT Decayed, missing, filled teeth ap < 0.05;χ2test,bp < 0.001;χ2test, c Ordinary least square, d Random intercept model, e Odds ratio (95% confidence interval), fp < 0.05,gp < 0.001