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Table 1 Socio-demographic- clinical and behavioral characteristics of mother and child by child’s HIV-1 status at follow-up in the Ugandan part of the PROMISE PEP M&S study

From: Caries experience and oral health related quality of life in a cohort of Ugandan HIV-1 exposed uninfected children compared with a matched cohort of HIV unexposed uninfected children

  HIV- exposed uninfected (n = 164) HIV- unexposed uninfected (n = 181) Total
(n = 345)
Child characteristics % (n) % (n) % (n)
Sex
 Male 51 (84) 50 (89) 51 (175)
 Female 49 (80) 50 (92) 49 (170)
Age
 5 year 28 (46) 31 (56) 29 (29)
 6–7 year 72 (118) 69 (125) 70 (243)
Ever taken to dental care
 No 94 (155) 86 (156) 90 (31)
 Yes 5 (9)a 14 (25) 10 (34)
Toothbrush
 Less once a day 20 (33) 10 (17) 15 (50)
 Once a day or more 80 (133)b 90 (160) 85 (292)
Ever toothache
 No 90 (147) 79 (143) 84 (291)
 Yes 11 (17)b 21 (38) 16 (55)
Breastfeeding duration
 0–6 months 31 (51) 3 (5) 16 (56)
 7–12 months 65 (106) 13 (24) 38 (130)
  > 12 months 4.(7)b 84 (149) 46 (156)
Mother /caretaker characteristics
Age
18-32 yr 40 (58) 58 (104) 50 (162)
33+ 60 (90)b 42 (76) 50 (166)
Toothbrush
 No 59 (97) 44 (78) 52 (176)
 Yes 40 (66)b 56 (99) 48 (165)
Maternal CD4 count at birth
> 500 cells/mm3 98 (60)  
≤ 500 cells mm3 66 (40)  
Marital status
 Single/divorced, widow 26 (43) 18 (33) 22 (76)
 Married/cohabiting 74 (121)a 82 (147) 78 (268)
Type of income
 No regular 60 (98) 72 (130) 66 (229)
 Regular 40 (65)a 28 (51) 34 (116)
Educational level
 Primary school 38 (54) 40 (65) 39 (120)
 End of primary school 20 (28) 22 (37) 21 (65)
 Middle school/high school/college 42 (59) 38 (63) 40 (122)
  1. ap < 0.05; χ2test, bp < 0.001; χ2test