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Table 5 The characteristics of blood samples among participants consuming different levels of total drinking fluids

From: Drinking patterns and hydration biomarkers among young adults with different levels of habitual total drinking fluids intake in Baoding, Hebei Province, China: a cross-sectional study

 LD1 (n = 39)LD2 (n = 39)LD3 (n = 39)HD (n = 39)Total (n = 156)P
MQXSDMQXSDMQXSDMQXSDMQXSD 
Osmolality (mOsm/kg)  2995  2986  3005  2995  29950.519
Na (mmol/L)1401  1412  1412  1412  1412  0.095
K (mmol/L)4.40.5  4.60.4  4.60.6  4.60.6  4.60.5  0.112
Cl (mmol/L)1042  1043  1042  1042  1042  0.660
Mg (mmol/L)0.900.06  0.90d0.05  0.92b0.06  0.92c,e0.08  0.910.07  0.013
Ca (mmol/L)  2.500.06  2.510.07  2.510.07  2.530.07  2.510.070.169
Phosphate (mmol/L)  1.320.13  1.310.16  1.310.17  1.280.18  1.300.160.676
  1. Values are shown as the mean ± standard deviation (SD) and median (M) and quartile ranges (Q)
  2. aThere was statistically significant difference between LD1 and LD2 groups, p < 0.05; bThere was statistically significant difference between LD1 and LD3 groups, p < 0.05; cThere was statistically significant difference between LD1 and HD groups, p < 0.05; dThere was statistically significant difference between LD2 and LD3 groups, p < 0.05; eThere was statistically significant difference between LD2 and HD groups, p < 0.05; fThere was statistically significant difference between LD3 and HD groups, p < 0.05