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Table 7 The association of age-group and gender with recalling and recognizing cancer risk factors

From: Knowledge level of cancer symptoms and risk factors in the Gaza Strip: a cross-sectional study

Risk factorRecall (n = 2886)Recognition (n = 2886)
Female genderBeing adultFemale genderBeing adult
aAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p valuebAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p valueaAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p valuebAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p value
Smoking0.70 (0.60–0.81)< 0.0010.85 (0.73–0.99)0.0411.63 (1.37–1.94)< 0.0011.16 (0.98–1.38)0.09
Passive smoking1.38 (0.87–2.21)0.171.66 (1.04–2.66)0.0351.14 (0.98–1.32)0.081.27 (1.10–1.47)0.002
Eating less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day1.69 (1.45–1.97)< 0.0010.86 (0.74–0.99)0.0461.08 (0.89–1.31)0.411.74 (1.43–2.12)< 0.001
Being overweight1.60 (1.04–2.45)0.0311.11 (0.74–1.68)0.611.10 (0.95–1.28)0.211.60 (1.38–1.86)< 0.001
Getting sunburnt more than once as a child0.78 (0.41–1.49)0.451.74 (0.90–3.38)0.101.05 (0.87–1.28)0.581.94 (1.60–2.35)< 0.001
Being over 70 years old1.07 (0.53–2.17)0.864.32 (1.77–10.57)0.0010.89 (0.75–1.06)0.182.48 (2.08–2.95)< 0.001
Having a close relative with cancer1.41 (1.06–1.87)0.0191.94 (1.45–2.60)< 0.0011.20 (1.02–1.40)0.0232.03 (1.74–2.38)< 0.001
Doing less than 30 min of moderate physical activity 5 times a week0.91 (0.47–1.74)0.771.34 (0.69–2.58)0.380.85 (0.72–1.01)0.061.07 (0.90–1.26)0.46
  1. n number of participants tested, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aAdjusted for age group, bAdjusted for gender