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Table 6 Summary of awareness scores for cancer risk factors between adolescents vs adults and between females vs males

From: Knowledge level of cancer symptoms and risk factors in the Gaza Strip: a cross-sectional study

Risk factorRecallRecognition
Total
(n = 2886)
n (%)
Adolescents vs AdultsFemales vs MalesTotal
(n = 2886)
n (%)
Adolescents vs AdultsFemales vs Males
Adolescents
(n = 1457)
n (%)
Adults
(n = 1429)
n (%)
p valueFemales
(n = 1483)
n (%)
Males
(n = 1403)
n (%)
p valueAdolescents
(n = 1457)
n (%)
Adults
(n = 1429)
n (%)
p valueFemales
(n = 1483)
n (%)
Males
(n = 1403)
n (%)
p value
Smoking1027 (35.6)542 (37.2)485 (33.9)0.07469 (31.6)558 (39.8)< 0.0012215 (76.7)1102 (75.6)1113 (77.9)0.161200 (80.9)1015 (72.3)< 0.001
Passive smoking75 (2.6)29 (2.0)46 (3.2)0.04644 (3.0)31 (2.2)0.241544 (53.5)738 (50.7)806 (56.4)0.002815 (55.0)729 (52.0)0.11
Eating less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day1086 (37.6)578 (39.7)508 (35.5)0.023647 (43.6)439 (31.3)< 0.001514 (17.8)202 (13.9)312 (21.8)< 0.001270 (18.2)244 (17.4)0.59
Being overweight93 (3.2)45 (3.1)48 (3.4)0.7558 (3.9)35 (2.5)0.0351201 (41.6)525 (36.0)676 (47.3)< 0.001630 (42.5)571 (40.7)0.35
Getting sunburnt more than once as a child38 (1.3)14 (1.0)24 (1.7)0.1017 (1.1)21 (1.5)0.42536 (18.6)200 (13.7)336 (23.5)< 0.001278 (18.7)258 (18.4)0.81
Being over 70 years old31 (1.1)6 (0.4)25 (1.7)< 0.00116 (1.1)15 (1.1)0.98731 (25.3)48 (17.0)483 (33.8)< 0.001355 (23.9)376 (26.8)0.08
Having a close relative with cancer212 (7.3)76 (5.2)136 (9.5)< 0.001124 (8.4)88 (6.3)0.032980 (34.0)383 (26.3)597 (41.8)< 0.001527 (35.5)453 (32.3)0.07
Doing less than 30 min of moderate physical activity 5 times a week37 (1.3)16 (1.1)21 (1.5)0.4118 (1.2)19 (1.4)0.74722 (25.0)355 (24.4)367 (25.7)0.42349 (23.5)373 (26.6)0.06
  1. n number of participants tested