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Table 4 The association of age group and gender with recalling and recognizing cancer symptoms

From: Knowledge level of cancer symptoms and risk factors in the Gaza Strip: a cross-sectional study

Symptom/signRecall (n = 2886)Recognition (n = 2886)
Female genderBeing adultFemale genderBeing adult
aAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p valuebAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p valueaAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p valuebAdjusted OR
(95% CI)
p value
Unexplained swelling/lump1.84 (1.58–2.14)< 0.0011.32 (1.13–1.53)< 0.0011.76 (1.48–2.10)< 0.0011.14 (0.96–1.36)0.14
Unexplained pain1.05 (0.87–1.27)0.610.71 (0.59–0.86)< 0.0011.17 (1.01–1.36)0.0400.77 (0.66–0.89)0.001
Unexplained bleeding1.65 (1.21–2.24)0.0011.49 (1.10–2.01)0.0091.15 (0.98–1.34)0.081.15 (0.98–1.34)0.08
Persistent cough/ hoarseness1.05 (0.64–1.73)0.850.61 (0.36–1.01)0.061.06 (0.90–1.24)0.492.02 (1.72–2.37)< 0.001
Persistent change in bowel habit0.93 (0.57–1.51)0.762.77 (1.60–4.79)< 0.0010.80 (0.67–0.96)0.0163.57 (2.96–4.32)< 0.001
Persistent difficulty swallowing1.02 (0.52–1.99)0.951.54 (0.78–3.04)0.221.10 (0.94–1.29)0.221.65 (1.41–1.93)< 0.001
Non-healing ulcer1.64 (0.81–3.34)0.170.18 (0.07–0.46)< 0.0010.95 (0.82–1.10)0.491.15 (0.99–1.33)0.07
Unexplained weight loss1.17 (0.97–1.42)0.091.88 (1.56–2.27)< 0.0011.08 (0.92–1.27)0.331.17 (1.01–1.37)0.049
  1. n number of participants tested, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aAdjusted for age group, bAdjusted for gender