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Table 3 Summary of awareness scores for cancer symptoms and signs between adolescents vs adults and between females vs males

From: Knowledge level of cancer symptoms and risk factors in the Gaza Strip: a cross-sectional study

Symptom/signRecallRecognition
Total
(n = 2886)
n (%)
Adolescents vs AdultsFemales vs MalesTotal
(n = 2886)
n (%)
Adolescents vs AdultsFemales vs Males
Adolescents
(n = 1457)
n (%)
Adults
(n = 1429)
n (%)
p valueFemales
(n = 1483)
n (%)
Males
(n = 1403)
n (%)
p valueAdolescents
(n = 1457)
n (%)
Adults
(n = 1429)
n (%)
p valueFemales
(n = 1483)
n (%)
Males
(n = 1403)
n (%)
p value
Unexplained swelling/lump1145 (39.7)536 (36.8)609 (42.6)0.001690 (46.5)455 (32.4)< 0.0012227 (77.2)1111 (76.3)1116 (78.1)0.241215 (81.9)1012 (72.1)< 0.001
Unexplained pain541 (18.7)310 (21.3231 (16.2)< 0.001285 (19.2)256 (18.2)0.501154 (40.0)629 (43.2)525 (36.7)< 0.001622 (41.9)532 (37.9)0.027
Unexplained bleeding189 (6.5)79 (5.4)110 (7.7)0.013118 (8.0)71 (5.1)0.0021005 (34.8)486 (33.4)519 (36.3)0.10538 (36.3)467 (33.3)0.09
Persistent cough/ hoarseness64 (2.2)40 (2.7)24 (1.7)0.05234 (2.3)30 (2.1)0.78892 (30.9)344 (23.6)548 (38.3)< 0.001462 (31.2)430 (30.6)0.77
Persistent change in bowel habit66 (2.3)18 (1.2)48 (3.4)< 0.00132 (2.2)34 (2.4)0.63670 (23.2)183 (12.6)487 (34.1)< 0.001311 (21.0)359 (25.6)0.003
Persistent difficulty swallowing35 (1.2)14 (1.0)21 (1.5)0.2118 (1.2)17 (1.2)0.99944 (32.7)398 (27.3)546 (38.2)< 0.001497 (33.5)447 (31.9)0.34
Non-healing ulcer34 (1.2)29 (2.0)5 (0.3)< 0.00122 (1.5)12 (0.9)0.121127 (39.1)545 (37.4)582 (40.7)0.07569 (38.4)558 (39.8)0.44
Unexplained weight loss569 (19.7)217 (14.9)352 (24.6)< 0.001307 (20.7)262 (18.7)0.171977 (68.5)974 (66.8)1003 (70.2)0.0531027 (69.3)950 (67.7)0.37
  1. n number of participants tested