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Table 2 Description and frequency of intermediate causes of child under-nutrition

From: Determinants of under-nutrition among children under five years of age in Ethiopia

VariablesCategories (Codes)n (%)VariablesCategories (Codes)n (%)
RegionTigray (1)647 (6.8)Mother’s Body mass indexThin (0)1840 (19.4)
Afar (2)90 (0.9)Normal (1)6974 (73.5)
Amhara (3)1865 (19.6)Overweight (2)585 (6.2)
Oromia (4)4164 (43.9)Anemia levelNon Anemic (0)6025 (63.5)
Somali (5)393 (4.1)Anemic (1)2948 (31.0)
Benishangul (6)100 (1.1)Missing521 (5.5)
SNNPR (7)1947 (20.5)Had cough in last two weeksNo (0)7571 (79.7)
Gambela (8)22 (0.2)Yes (1)1924 (20.3)
Harari (9)20 (0.2)Had diarrhea recentlyNo (0)8338 (87.8)
Addis Adaba (10)210 (2.2)Yes (1)1138 (12.0)
Dire Dawa (11)36 (0.4)Missing18 (0.2)
Type of place of residenceUrban (1)1046 (11.0)Had fever in last two weeksNo (0)8087 (85.2)
Rural (2)8449 (89.0)Yes (1)1398 (14.7)
Sex of childMale (1)4851 (51.1)Missing10 (0.1)
Female (2)4644 (48.9)Husband/partner’s educationNo education (0)4266 (44.9)
Age of child0–5 (0)1041 (11.0)Primary (1)3598 (37.9)
6–11 (1)1021 (10.8)Secondary & above (2)1086 (11.4)
12–23 (2)1896 (20.0)Missing544 (5.7)
24–35 (3)1788 (18.8)House hold size1–4 (small) (0)2432 (25.6)
36–47 (4)1820 (19.2)5–9 (medium (1)6500 (68.5)
48–59 (5)1929 (20.3)10 and more (Large) (2)562 (5.9)
Birth order1st (0)1741 (18.3)Source of drinking waterunimproved source (0)4102 (43.2)
2–3 (1)2919 (30.7)Improved source (1)5278 (55.6)
4–5 (2)2276 (24.0)Missing115 (1.2)
6 and more (3)2558 (26.9)Multiple birthSingle birth (0)9270 (97.6)
Wealth indexPoorest (1)2188 (23.0)1st of multiple (1)121 (1.3)
Poorer (2)2226 (23.4)2nd of multiple (2)104 (1.1)
Middle (3)2001 (21.1)Educational level of motherNo education (0)6225 (65.6)
Richer (4)1722 (18.1)Primary (1)2600 (27.4)
Richest (5)1358 (14.3)Secondary & above (2)670 (7.0)
No of children under five years in the household1 (0)5860 (61.7)Age of mother at first birth<  20 (0)6139 (64.7)
2 (1)2651 (27.9)20–34 (1)3346 (35.2)
3 or more (2)983 (10.4)35–49 (2)10 (0.1)
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