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Table 1 Exposure items from the included scales to measure psychological resources

From: Psychological resources in adolescence and the association with labour market participation in early adulthood: a prospective cohort study

Items Scale
Sense of coherence (Meaningfulness) Total score sums between 4 and 20
1. What do you think of the things you do every day? “Very boring” (1) – “Very exciting” (5)
2. How often do you do things that you find meaningful? “Never” (1) – “Very often” (5)
3. How often do you feel, that you don’t care about what goes on around you? “Very often” (1) – “Never” (5)
4. How often do you have the feeling that there is little meaning in the things you do in your daily life? “Very often” (1) – “Never” (5)
Personal mastery Total score sums between 7 and 28
1. I have little control of the things that happen to me. “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
2. There is really no way I can solve some of the problems I have “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
3. There is little I can do to change many of the important things in my life “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
4. I often feel helpless in dealing with problems of life “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
5. Sometimes I feel that I’m being pushed around in life “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
6. What happens in the future mostly depends on me “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
7. I can do just about anything I really set my mind to do “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
Self-esteem Total score sums between 6 and 24
1. I feel that I have a number of good qualities “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
2. I feel that I’m a person of worth at least equal to others “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
3. I am able to do things as well as most other people “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
4. I take a positive attitude toward myself “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
5. On a whole, I am satisfied with myself “Strongly disagree” (1) – “Strongly agree” (4)
6. All in all, I’m inclined to feel that I’m a failure “Strongly agree” (1) – “Strongly disagree” (4)