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Table 4 Multiple mixed-effect linear regression models between sleep onset time and cardiometabolic biomarkers stratified by sleep duration

From: The relationship between sleep onset time and cardiometabolic biomarkers in Chinese communities: a cross-sectional study

Less than 8 h (n = 837)
 Triglycerides β (95%CI)Total cholesterol β (95%CI)HDL β (95%CI)LDL β (95%CI)FPG# β (95%CI)
Model 10.09(−0.04,0.22)− 0.02(− 0.10,0.06)−0.04(− 0.07,-0.01)**−0.02(− 0.09,0.05)−0.003(− 0.04,0.04)
Model 20.07(− 0.06,0.20)−0.03(− 0.11,0.05)−0.04(− 0.07,-0.01)*−0.03(− 0.10,0.04)−0.001(− 0.04,0.04)
Model 30.08(− 0.04,0.21)−0.03(− 0.12,0.05)−0.04(− 0.07,-0.01)**−0.03(− 0.10,0.04)−0.002(− 0.04,0.04)
8 h and longer (n = 1581)
 Triglycerides β (95%CI)Total cholesterol β (95%CI)HDL β (95%CI)LDL β (95%CI)FPG# β (95%CI)
Model 10.16 (0.09,0.24)**0.10(−6.21,6.41)−0.06(− 0.08,-0.04)**0.10 (0.05,0.14)**− 0.02(− 0.04,0.01)
Model 20.15 (0.07,0.23)**0.55(−5.91,7.02)− 0.06(− 0.08,-0.04)**0.09 (0.04,0.13)**−0.02(− 0.04,0.01)
Model 30.13 (0.05,0.20)**0.48(− 5.99,6.95)− 0.05(− 0.07,-0.03)**0.08 (0.04,0.12) **−0.02(− 0.04,0.01)
  1. Model 1: sleep onset time + demographic characteristics (age, gender, ethnicity, education, marital status, occupation, economic condition); Model 2: Model 1 + health-related behaviors (smoking, alcohol use, tea drinking, physical exercise); Model 3: Model 2 + physical health (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, BMI)
  2. # The model does not include diabetes mellitus; ** p < 0.01 *p < 0.05; β: beta coefficient; 95%CI: 95% confident interval, HDL High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, FPG fasting plasma glucose, All the β are for sleep onset time