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Table 3 Characteristics of index children living with HIV (N = 120) included in the quantitative component of the study

From: “What will my child think of me if he hears I gave him HIV?”: a sequential, explanatory, mixed-methods approach on the predictors and experience of caregivers on disclosure of HIV status to infected children in Gombe, Northeast Nigeria

VariableBoys (N = 60)Girls (N = 60)p valueTotal (N = 120)
Age (years)11.9 (2.9)12.5 (3.5)0.363*12.2 (3.2)
Age at 1st diagnosis (years)5.1 (3.8)4.6 (3.5)0.435*4.9 (3.7)
Duration of ART treatment (years)6.6 (3.4)7.6 (4.2)0.98*7.0 (3.9)
Overall Age group: n (%)
 School age11 (18.8)11 (18.3) 22 (18.3)
 Early adolescence25 (41.7)33 (55.0) 58 (48.3)
 Mid adolescence15 (25.0)11 (18.3) 26 (21.7)
 Late adolescence9 (15.0)5 (8.3)0.472**14 (11.7)
School Attendance: n (%)60 (100)58 (96.7)0.476**118 (98.3)
On Antiretrovirals: n (%)59 (98.3)58 (96.7)0.559**117 (97.5)
Prevalence of disclosure: n (%)18 (30.0)25 (41.7)0.253**43 (35.8)
∫Disclosure rate by age-group: n (%)
 School age1 (9.1)2 (18.2) 3 (13.6)
 Early adolescence3 (12.0)10 (30.3) 13 (22.4)
 Mid adolescence6 (40.0)8 (72.7) 14 (53.8)
 Late adolescence8 (88.9)5 (100)0.001**13 (92.9)
Who made disclosure: N = 43 n (%)
 Mother alone7 (38.9)8 (32.0) 15 (34.9)
 Father alone0 (0.0)5 (20.0) 5 (11.6)
 Health worker4 (22.2)9 (36.0) 13 (30.2)
 Grandmother2 (11.1)1 (4.0) 3 (7.0)
Others5 (27.8)2 (8.0)0.212**7 (16.3)
  1. Values presented as mean (SD), unless otherwise indicated, n (%) = Frequency (percentage), *Independent t-test p-values reported, **Chi-square p-values reported
  2. Disclosure rate by age-group calculated based on overall number of children within each age group category (disclosed and non-disclosed)
  3. ¶Others: mother and father combined, Sister, Brother, Neighbour, Step-mother, Guardian, and unknown person
  4. School age (6–9 years), Early adolescence (10–13 years), Middle adolescence (14–16 years), Late adolescence (17–18 years) as described by Cromber et al. [17]