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Table 2 Associations among cyberbullying, self-harm and suicidal behaviors among adolescents

From: Relationships among cyberbullying, parental attitudes, self-harm and suicidal behavior among adolescents: results from a school-based survey in Vietnam

 Self-harmSuicidal IdeationSuicidal PlanningSuicide Attempts
OR (95%CI)AOR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)AOR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)AOR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)AOR (95%CI)
Gender
 Male1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Female0.92 (0.50, 1.67)1.03 (0.54, 1.56)2.17 (1.16, 4.07)*2.30 (1.19, 4.44)*1.53 (0.61, 3.85)1.84 (0.68, 4.94)2.22 (0.55, 8.95)2.71 (0.59, 12.4)
Perceived academic pressure
 A little/None1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Some0.77 (0.31, 1.91)0.75 (0.29, 1.94)1.40 (0.63, 3.12)1.41 (0.63, 3.19)0.63 (0.14, 2.89)0.66 (0.14, 3.06)1.17 (0.12, 11.37)1.25 (0.13, 12.53)
 Much2.44 (1.21, 4.93)*2.22 (1.04, 4.74)*3.15 (1.55, 6.39)*3.12 (1.51, 6.69)*2.64 (0.95, 7.33)2.33 (0.79, 6.83)8.13 (1.91, 34.62)**7.76 (1.59, 37.86)**
Unhealthy behaviors
 No1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Yes7.02 (2.71, 18.23)**6.39 (2.19, 18.61)**3.09 (1.00, 9.54)*2.99 (0.88, 10.14)6.02 (1.62, 22.42)*7.48 (1.68, 33.40)*3.68 (0.44, 30.77)7.23 (0.65, 80.34)
Use of Internet devices (per day)
  < 1 h1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
 1–2 h0.85 (0.44, 1.62)0.80 (0.40, 1.61)1.27 (0.67, 2.41)1.30 (0.67, 2.54)0.48 (0.16, 1.50)0.43 (0.13, 1.42)0.53 (0.11, 2.64)0.58 (0.11, 3.24)
  > 2 h0.88 (0.26, 3.00)0.76 (0.20, 2.85)1.89 (0.68, 5.25)1.95 (0.66, 5.71)1.28 (0.28, 5.87)1.13 (0.23, 5.67)1.38 (0.16, 11.75)1.74 (0.17, 17.30)
Family living situation
 Both parents1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Mother or father1.82 (0.68, 4.90)2.03 (0.71, 5.75)1.23 (0.42, 3.60)1.26 (0.41, 3.85)0.73 (0.10, 5.65)0.73 (0.09, 5.98)1.99 (0.24, 16.87)2.22 (0.23, 21.75)
 Others4.22 (1.71, 10.42)*5.26 (2.04, 13.60)**1.35 (3.95, 4.63)*1.58 (0.44, 5.65)2.22 (0.49, 10.10)2.54 (0.54, 12.05)6.03 (1.17, 31.12)*8.41 (1.38, 51.45)*
School bullying
 No1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Yes1.73 (0.87, 3.46)1.46 (0.69, 3.08)1.52 (0.75, 3.10)1.17 (0.54, 2.52)1.70 (0.60, 4.83)1.46 (0.48, 4.40)3.85 (1.02, 14.56)3.05 (0.71, 13.04)
Cyberbullying
 No1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Yes3.71 (1.77, 7.78)*2.97 (1.32, 6.71)*2.75 (1.25,6.02)*2.10 (0.90, 4.88)2.84 (0.91, 8.86)1.90 (0.56, 6.43)1.28 (0.16, 10.39)0.55 (0.06, 5.43)
Self-harm
 No1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Yes7.79 (3.79, 16.04)*6.93 (3.09, 15.56)*18.30 (7.00, 47.86)*14.37 (4.95, 41.73)*18.23 (4.72, 70.49)*10.95 (2.27, 52.93)*
  1. AOR adjusted odds radio (adjusted for gender, perceived academic pressure, unhealthy behaviors, use of Internet devices, family living situation, school bullying)
  2. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.001