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Table 3 Sociodemographic characteristics by general health literacy

From: Associations of health literacy with socioeconomic position, health risk behavior, and health status: a large national population-based survey among Danish adults

 Inadequate (n = 692)Problematic (n = 2616)Adequate (n = 5147)Total (n = 8455)P-value
Sex
 Female280 (40.5)1319 (50.4)3043 (59.1)4642 (54.9) 
 Male412 (59.5)1297 (49.6)2104 (40.9)3813 (45.1)< 1e-04
Age, Median [Q1,Q3]51.3 [39.6, 62.1]52.6 [40.9, 63.3]53.9 [43.4, 64.2]53.3 [42.4, 63.8]< 1e-04
Age group
 25–44251 (36.3)862 (33.0)1438 (27.9)2551 (30.2) 
 35–54156 (22.5)618 (23.6)1282 (24.9)2056 (24.3) 
 55–64157 (22.7)578 (22.1)1227 (23.8)1962 (23.2) 
  > 65128 (18.5)558 (21.3)1200 (23.3)1886 (22.3)< 1e-04
Origin
 Danish618 (89.3)2420 (92.5)4818 (93.6)7856 (92.9) 
 Immigrant69 (10.0)180 (6.9)314 (6.1)563 (6.7) 
 Descendant of immigrant5 (0.7)16 (0.6)15 (0.3)36 (0.4)0.0001
Civil status
 Married/Partnership402 (58.3)1608 (61.7)3400 (66.1)5410 (64.1) 
 Divorced84 (12.2)327 (12.5)675 (13.1)1086 (12.9) 
 Unmarried203 (29.5)672 (25.8)1066 (20.7)1941 (23.0)< 1e-04
 Missing39618 
Education
 Basic School140 (21.3)445 (17.4)776 (15.5)1361 (16.5) 
 High school/Vocational325 (49.4)1130 (44.3)2097 (41.8)3552 (43.2) 
 Medium133 (20.2)670 (26.3)1543 (30.8)2346 (28.5) 
 High60 (9.1)307 (12.0)600 (12.0)967 (11.8)< 1e-04
 Missing3464131229 
Income
 Below average272 (39.3)817 (31.2)1332 (25.9)2421 (28.6) 
 Above average420 (60.7)1799 (68.8)3815 (74.1)6034 (71.4)< 1e-04
Welfare payments
 Non-social benefit318 (46.6)1376 (53.0)2849 (55.8)4543 (54.2) 
 Retirement benefit137 (20.1)595 (22.9)1267 (24.8)1999 (23.9) 
 Social benefit228 (33.4)623 (24.0)988 (19.4)1839 (21.9)< 1e-04
 Missing9224374 
  1. Presents general health literacy scores by health literacy level (N = 8455) according to demographic and socioeconomic indicators of Danish residents aged 25 years or older in 2016 and 2017. Data are presented as medians with 25th (Q1) and 75th (Q3) percentiles (age) or number of residents and percentage (all others)