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Table 1 Content and objectives of the SOS Dating

From: Dating SOS: a systematic and theory-based development of a web-based tailored intervention to prevent dating violence among Brazilian youth

Session 1Knowledge of attachment styleIncrease knowledge of attachment styles and their impact on romantic relationships.
Violence risk perceptionBoost risk perception regarding violence experienced in a romantic relationship.
Session 2Knowledge of violence, relationship quality, and conflict managementIdentify types of dating violence: physical, psychological, sexual, and material.
Recognize the characteristics that classify relationships as safe and gratifying as opposed to insecure and violent.
Differentiate negative dating conflict management strategies from positive ones and its relation with attachment style.
Positive and negative models of loving relationshipsIdentify models of violent loving relationships: friends, aunts and uncles, cousins, parents, grandparents, stepparents, and neighbors
Identify models of positive loving relationships: friends, aunts and uncles, cousins, parents, grandparents, stepparents, and neighbors
Action plans for increasing relationship quality in day-to-day coexistenceIdentify damage potential in risky action plans for daily interaction: lack of communication, ignoring the partner’s needs, shutting down and ignoring one’s own needs, and not respecting the partner’s individuality.
Construct positive action plans for daily interactions: noting the partner’s needs and providing help sensitively, sharing personal needs with the partner, asking for help, and respecting the partner’s individuality.
Session 3Social norms regarding dating violenceWeaken the acceptance of socially disused gender stereotypes that justify violence.
Self-efficacy in handling dating conflictsRecognize the most challenging dating conflict situations to deal with in a non-violent way: cheating, lying, provocation, an attack by one’s partner, a bad temper, being drunk, and repeated violence.
Action plans for non-violent dating conflictsIdentify the potential for damage in risky action plans for handling conflict: retaliation, resignation, use of alcohol or drugs, withdrawal, empathy (for victimization).
Construct positive action plans for handing conflict: regulation of emotions, assertiveness, recognizing errors and apologizing, empathy (for perpetration), and ending the relationship.
Session 4Attitudes toward dating violenceStrengthen the understanding that violence can be detrimental by harming the relationship, the victim, the perpetrator, and future generations.
Weaken the perception that violence can be advantageous by granting power, self-defense, affectional gains, and financial gains.
Social support for protecting oneself from dating violenceRecognize sources of social support for protection in the face of relationship violence.
Actively seek social support and give clear indications that support is needed, as people may be reluctant to be invasive and help.
Think critically and refuse social support for accepting violent relationships on the basis that they are a source of economic support, wealth, power, or that one should honor the relationship or protect the children.
Action plans for freeing oneself from dating violenceConstruct positive action plans for protecting oneself against violence: separating from the partner, seeking help, and ending the relationship.