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Table 1 percentage distribution of the utilisation of full antenatal care, skilled attendants at birth and post-natal care by selected socio-economic characteristics among rural women in India, 2005–16

From: Inequalities in the utilisation of maternal health Care in Rural India: Evidences from National Family Health Survey III & IV

Background Variables NFHS-3 NFHS-4
Full ANC SBA PNC Full ANC SBA PNC
Age
 15–24 8.1 42.7 28.2 17.0 82.8 61.3
 25–34 9.1 35.4 25.5 16.2 77.2 57.9
 35–49 3.8 23.1 15.2 10.2 63.4 46.0
Birth Order
 1 13.6 56.3 56.3 21.3 87.0 67.0
 2 10.7 43.1 43.1 18.9 80.3 62.1
 3+ 4.1 22.9 22.9 8.5 65.8 46.3
Mother’s Educational Status
 No education 2.6 23.1 13.3 6.8 64.8 43.7
 Primary education 7.9 40.5 26.9 12.8 75.4 54.6
 Secondary education 16.6 63.3 45.5 21.2 87.6 66.9
 Higher education 39.4 90.4 73.4 32.3 94.3 76.4
Media Exposure
 No 2.7 22.5 12.6 5.6 64.6 41.9
 Yes 11.4 47.1 33.5 20.7 84.9 65.5
Caste
 Schedule caste 5.5 33.6 22.9 15.4 78.4 58.2
 Schedule tribe 4.7 22.0 14.9 14.4 69.5 51.9
 OBC 8.3 38.8 25.6 15.3 79.2 58.3
 Others 11.7 47.3 33.9 19.3 81.6 62.8
Religion
 Hindu 8.2 38.8 26.4 16.2 79.9 79.9
 Muslim 6.9 27.1 18.5 11.4 66.6 66.6
 Others 9.8 49.2 36.8 24.1 79.4 79.4
Wealth Index
 poorest 2.3 18.8 10.6 6.2 64.1 42.2
 poorer 4.4 30.8 18.6 13.3 78.2 56.0
 middle 9.0 46.6 30.9 21.1 87.4 66.9
 richer 16.6 62.1 45.1 27.4 91.4 73.8
 richest 31.8 83.8 68.5 32.3 94.6 79.8