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Table 3 Cohort analysis: adjusted associations of height quintiles with NAFLD a in females

From: Height predict incident non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among general adult population in Tianjin, China, independent of body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, and metabolic syndrome

Cox proportional-hazard regression modelsQuintiles of body height (cm, range)p for trend b
Level 1 (138.0–156.2)Level 2 (156.3–159.5)Level 3 (159.6–162.1)Level 4 (162.2–165.4)Level 5 (165.5–184.6)
(n = 4223)(n = 4442)(n = 3947)(n = 4145)(n = 4370)
Person-years of follow-up11,31812,59311,15311,57612,736 
No. of NAFLD548543454416404 
 Model 1 d1.000.88 (0.78, 0.99) c0.83 (0.73, 0.94)0.73 (0.64, 0.83)0.64 (0.57, 0.73)< 0.0001
 Model 2 e1.000.91 (0.81, 1.02)0.85 (0.75, 0.96)0.75 (0.66, 0.85)0.62 (0.55, 0.71)< 0.0001
 Model 3 f1.000.92 (0.82, 1.04)0.85 (0.75, 0.97)0.78 (0.68, 0.89)0.65 (0.57, 0.74)< 0.0001
 Model 4 g1.000.97 (0.86, 1.09)0.98 (0.86, 1.11)0.93 (0.81, 1.06)0.84 (0.73, 0.96)0.02
 Model 5 h1.000.80 (0.69, 0.91)0.72 (0.61, 0.85)0.60 (0.49, 0.74)0.45 (0.35, 0.59)< 0.0001
  1. aNAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  2. bAnalysis by Cox proportional hazards model
  3. cAdjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) (all such values)
  4. dCrude
  5. eAdjusted for age and waist circumference
  6. fAdjusted for age, waist circumference, smoking status, drinking status, metabolic syndrome, and family history of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes
  7. gAdjusted for age, body mass index, waist circumference, smoking status, drinking status, metabolic syndrome, and family history of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes
  8. hAdjusted for age, body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference, smoking status, drinking status, metabolic syndrome, and family history of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes