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Table 3 Sociodemographic characteristics of participants by IPTp with SP uptake

From: Uptake of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy with Sulphadoxine-Pyrimethamine in Malawi after adoption of updated World Health Organization policy: an analysis of demographic and health survey 2015–2016

Characteristic N Total = 1069 % women took 3+ doses Rao-Scott F-test p-value
n (%) (95%CI)
Residence
 Urban 166 74 (45.0) 34.3–56.1 F (1, 564) = 0.4006 0.5270
 Rural 903 372 (41.2) 37.3–45.2   
Education
 No formal education 125 48 (38.6) 29.1–49.1 F (2.00, 1126.79) = 2.0890 0.1243*
 Primary 699 280 (40.0) 35.7–44.5   
 Secondary or higher 245 119 (48.5) 40.7–56.3   
Age group
 15–19 168 66 (39.5) 31.4–48.2 F (4.85, 2736.04) = 2.4753 0.0318*
 20–24 356 160 (45.1) 38.4–52.0   
 25–29 237 117 (49.2) 40.9–57.5   
 30–34 156 56 (36.0) 28.5–44.3   
 35–39 108 34 (31.7) 22.6–42.5   
 40+ 44 13 (29.3) 17.2–45.2   
Occupation
 Unemployed 392 173 (44.2) 38.4–50.8 F (1.99, 1121.60) = 2.0785 0.1259*
 Self-employed 578 224 (38.7) 33.9–43.9   
 Salaried employment 99 50 (50.5) 40.3–63.2   
Wealth
 Poorest 234 96 (41.3) 33.6–49.4 F (3.90, 2196.87) = 1.8457 0.1193*
 Poorer 239 89 (37.4) 30.2–45.1   
 Middle 207 74 (35.7) 29.0–43.1   
 Richer 199 96 (48.1) 39.7–56.6   
 Richest 190 91 (48.0) 38.2–57.9   
Marital status
 Married 935 393 (42.0) 38.1–46.0 F (1.97, 1113.02) = 0.4090 0.6617
 Divorced/separated/widowed 72 26 (36.4) 25.2–49.3   
 Never married 62 28 (44.9) 30.5–60.2   
Region
 Southern 504 208 (41.3) 36.1–46.7 F (1.91, 1086.69) = 0.0302 0.9660
 Central 447 188 (42.0) 36.0–48.2   
 Northern 118 51 (43.2) 34.5–52.3   
  1. weighted total frequency, weighted frequency of women who took three or more doses of IPTp-SP, *potential candidate for multivariate logistics regression because p < 0.25