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Table 2 Mediating indicators and longer term outcomes among analytical sample, by intervention and control arms and by survey rounds

From: The impact of the Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP) on short and long term social, economic, education and fertility outcomes: a cluster randomized controlled trial in Zambia

 Intervention armsControl arm
Arm 1Arm 2Arm 3
Mean95% CIaMean95% CIaMean95% CIaMean95% CIa
Social assets
 Self-efficacy score [0–10]
  Baseline6.05.86.36.15.96.46.15.96.26.15.96.3
  Round 37.06.87.27.27.17.47.27.07.37.06.87.2
  Round 57.47.37.67.67.47.77.77.57.87.37.17.5
 Had a safe space in community to meet with friends
  Baseline38%34%42%42%39%45%42%39%46%40%36%44%
  Round 346%41%51%49%45%52%47%43%52%38%34%43%
  Round 555%51%58%54%50%58%52%48%56%52%48%56%
 Positive gender attitudes score [0–7]
  Baseline4.94.85.14.94.85.05.04.95.15.04.85.1
  Round 34.84.74.94.84.75.05.04.95.14.94.85.0
  Round 54.94.75.05.04.85.15.04.85.15.04.85.2
 Non-acceptability of IPV
  Baseline40%35%44%37%33%41%38%34%42%40%36%44%
  Round 333%30%37%37%32%41%42%37%46%40%36%44%
  Round 534%29%38%37%33%41%36%32%41%38%33%42%
Economic assets
 Financial literacy score [0–9]
  Baseline5.15.05.35.14.95.45.25.05.45.35.15.5
  Round 35.95.76.16.05.86.16.16.06.25.95.76.0
  Round 56.26.06.46.26.06.36.46.26.56.26.06.3
 Saved money in the past year
  Baseline16%13%19%15%11%18%14%11%17%15%11%18%
  Round 330%26%34%33%29%37%35%31%38%26%22%29%
  Round 539%35%43%40%37%44%41%38%44%33%30%36%
Health assets
 Fertile period and contraceptive methods knowledge score [0–11]
  Baseline1.61.41.71.71.51.81.71.61.81.71.61.9
  Round 32.72.52.82.82.63.02.72.62.92.52.42.7
  Round 53.63.43.83.63.43.83.83.64.03.53.33.6
 HIV knowledge score [0–11]
  Baseline5.75.46.05.95.66.26.15.76.45.95.66.2
  Round 38.17.88.38.38.18.58.28.08.58.17.88.3
  Round 58.98.79.09.08.99.29.18.99.28.98.89.0
Sexual behavior among girls ages 15 and older who had ever had sex
 Used condom at first sexb
  Baseline41%32%50%46%38%55%34%27%40%39%30%48%
  Round 342%36%48%44%37%50%40%35%44%38%32%44%
  Round 542%37%48%43%38%48%42%38%46%41%37%46%
 Agreed to having had transactional sexc
  Baseline56%47%64%59%51%67%58%50%66%48%39%56%
  Round 345%40%49%44%37%51%47%41%53%49%44%55%
  Round 540%35%45%36%31%42%40%35%45%39%33%46%
Education outcomes
 Completed grade 7
  Baseline37%33%41%37%33%41%40%36%44%41%37%45%
  Round 352%48%57%55%50%60%55%51%59%57%53%62%
  Round 568%63%72%68%63%73%70%65%74%69%65%73%
 Completed grade 9
  Baseline12%9%15%11%8%14%11%7%14%12%9%16%
  Round 324%20%28%24%20%28%22%18%26%25%21%28%
  Round 535%30%39%34%29%39%34%29%38%37%32%41%
Fertility outcomes among girls ages 15 and olderd
 Ever married
  Baseline0%  0%  0%  0%  
  Round 320%17%23%19%15%23%16%13%19%16%12%20%
  Round 528%25%31%29%25%33%29%25%33%26%21%31%
 Ever had sex
  Baseline40%34%46%39%34%44%44%38%49%42%37%47%
  Round 365%60%70%65%60%69%67%63%72%61%56%66%
  Round 574%71%77%75%70%79%77%73%80%69%64%73%
 Ever pregnant
  Baseline15%11%20%14%11%18%16%13%20%17%13%20%
  Round 334%29%39%33%29%38%34%30%39%34%29%39%
  Round 546%42%50%46%42%51%49%46%53%44%39%49%
 Ever given birth
  Baseline10%6%14%9%6%12%11%7%14%13%10%15%
  Round 325%21%30%25%21%28%27%23%32%27%22%32%
  Round 538%34%42%38%34%43%40%36%43%38%34%42%
  1. a Confidence intervals (CI) were estimated accounting for clustering at the CSA level
  2. b Number of girls age 15 and older who had ever had sex and for whom data on condom use at first sex is available: 535 at baseline; 1131 at round 3; and 1720 at round 5
  3. c Number of girls age 15 and older who had ever had sex and for whom data on transactional sex is available: 534 at baseline; 1142 at round 3; and 1732 at round 5
  4. d Number of girls age 15 and older: 1500 at baseline; 2150 at round 3; and 2669 at round 5