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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for the associations of city and socio-demographics with energy expenditure, as well as psychosocial and perceived environmental factors in the total sample (n = 588–601)

From: Association of psychosocial and perceived environmental factors with park-based physical activity among elderly in two cities in China and Germany

  Energy expenditure of PBPA (kcal/ week) t / F p r p
M (SD)
Total 796.84 (689.27)     
City
 Leipzig 737.22 (571.22) −2.16* 0.03   
 Hong Kong 859.11 (790.17)     
Gender
 Male 902.84 (746.10) 3.44** 0.001   
 Female 708.22 (613.96)     
Marital status
 Single 679.85 (672.83) −2.52* 0.01   
 Married 842.50 (692.86)     
Education level
 Primary 722.12a (626.44) 4.38* 0.01   
 High school 896.00b (772.06)     
 University 891.24b (756.82)     
Age     0.04 0.33
BMI     −0.09* 0.04
Psychosocial factors M (SD)     
 Self-efficacy 3.24 (0.91)     
 Enjoyment 4.31 (0.81)     
 Perceived benefits 3.78 (0.67)     
 Perceived barriers 1.85 (0.75)     
 Social support 2.99 (1.15)     
Perceived park environmental factors M (SD)     
 Park safety 3.41 (0.57)     
 Attractiveness 3.25 (0.51)     
 Park features 3.23 (0.56)     
 Park time distance 2.14 (1.04)     
  1. * p < 0.05, 2 tailed; ** p < 0.01, 2 tailed
  2. a,b: significant difference between subgroups (Duncan-test)