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Table 3 Overall prevalence of selected risk factors stratified by gender

From: The prevalence of selected non-communicable disease risk factors among HIV patients on anti-retroviral therapy in Bushbuckridge sub-district, Mpumalanga province

Risk factorOverall %(95%CI)Males %
% (95%CI)
Females %(95%CI)P-value
Hypertension (BP > 140/90 mmHg)34.6 (29.5–39.8)41.3 (31.2–51.5)32.1 (26.1–38.0)0.114
 Pre-hypertension23.2 (18.6–27.8)25.0 (16.1–33.9)22.5 (17.2–27.8)0.629
 Stage 1 hypertension8.7 (5.7–11.8)8.7 (2.9–14.5)8.8 (5.2–27.8)0.987
 Stage 2 hypertension2.7 (0.9–4.5)7.6 (2.1–13.0)0.8 (−0.03–2.0)0.001
Overweight (BMI kgm2 ≥ 25 to ≤29.9)21.4 (17.0–25.8)20.7 (12.3–29.0)21.7 (16.4–26.9)0.840
Obesity (BMI kgm2 ≥ 30)19.6 (15.3–23.9)3.3 (− 0.04–6.9)25.8 (20.3–31.4)< 0.001
Waist circumference31.9 (26.9–37.0)4.4 (0.1–8.6)42.5 (36.2–48.8)< 0.001
Smoking10.8 (7.5–14.2)32.6 (22.9–42.3)2.5 (0.5–4.5)< 0.001
Alcohol21.7 (17.2–26.1)39.1 (29.1–49.2)15.0 (10.5–19.5)< 0.001
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