Skip to main content

Table 2 Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of multimorbidity for quintiles of area deprivation index

From: Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with multimorbidity in a geographically-defined community

Area Deprivation Index Quintile Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P-trend Adjusted* odds ratio (95% CI) P-trend Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P-trend
Multimorbidity (≥2 chronic conditions)
 Quintile 1 (0–19%) 1.00 (ref) < 0.001 1.00 (ref) < 0.001 1.00 (ref) < 0.001
 Quintile 2 (20–39%) 1.10 (0.98–1.24)   1.03 (0.95–1.12)   1.11 (1.01–1.23)  
 Quintile 3 (40–59%) 1.15 (1.03–1.29)   1.11 (1.03–1.20)   1.27 (1.15–1.39)  
 Quintile 4 (60–79%) 1.23 (1.10–1.38)   1.24 (1.15–1.34)   1.45 (1.32–1.60)  
 Quintile 5 (80–100%) 1.21 (1.08–1.36)   1.50 (1.39–1.62)   1.78 (1.62–1.96)  
Severe multimorbidity (≥5 chronic conditions)
 Quintile 1 (0–19%) 1.00 (ref) < 0.001 1.00 (ref) < 0.001 1.00 (ref) < 0.001
 Quintile 2 (20–39%) 1.14 (0.97–1.34)   1.00 (0.90–1.12)   1.05 (0.94–1.18)  
 Quintile 3 (40–59%) 1.12 (0.96–1.31)   1.01 (0.91–1.12)   1.11 (1.00–1.24)  
 Quintile 4 (60–79%) 1.34 (1.15–1.56)   1.21 (1.09–1.34)   1.36 (1.22–1.52)  
 Quintile 5 (80–100%) 1.48 (1.27–1.72)   1.67 (1.51–1.86)   1.92 (1.72–2.13)  
  1. *Adjusted for age, sex, race, and ethnicity
  2. Adjusted for age, sex, race, ethnicity, and individual level of education
  3. CI confidence interval