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Table 1 Characteristics of households and household heads

From: Catastrophic health expenditure incidence and its equity in China: a study on the initial implementation of the medical insurance integration system

VariableTotal N (%)Integrated area n (%)Non-integrated area n (%)
Household head
Gender
 Men38,221 (74.1)14,706 (74.3)23,515 (74.0)
 Women13,364 (25.9)5082 (25.7)8282 (26.0)
Marital status
 Unmarried and other8201 (15.9)3339 (16.9)4862 (15.3)
 Married43,384 (84.1)16,449 (83.1)26,935 (84.7)
Educational attainment
 Illiterate5332 (10.3)2052 (10.4)3280 (10.3)
 Primary school14,594 (28.3)5553 (28.1)9041 (28.4)
 Junior high school18,050 (35.0)6740 (34.1)11,310 (35.6)
 High school and above13,609 (26.4)5443 (27.5)8166 (25.7)
Occupation
 Employed35,080 (68.0)13,074 (66.1)22,006 (69.2)
 Retired9720 (18.8)3844 (19.4)5876 (18.5)
 Other6785 (13.2)2870 (14.5)3915 (12.3)
Medical insurance
 UEBMI14,697 (28.5)6171 (31.2)8526 (26.8)
 URBMI2715 (5.3)2715 (8.5)
 NRCMS17,875 (34.7)17,875 (56.2)
 USBMI930 (1.8)930 (4.7)
 URRBMI11,104 (21.5)11,104 (56.1)
 Mixed medical insurance3050 (5.9)1106 (5.6)1944 (6.1)
 Uninsured and other1214 (2.4)477 (2.4)737 (2.3)
Household
Location
 Eastern20,401 (39.5)10,791 (54.5)9610 (30.2)
 Middle14,384 (27.9)2397 (12.1)11,987 (37.7)
 Western16,800 (32.6)6600 (33.4)10,200 (32.1)
Residence
 Urban26,382 (51.5)10,801 (54.6)15,581 (49.0)
 Rural25,203 (48.9)8987 (45.4)16,216 (51.0)
Household size
  ≤ 223,459 (45.5)8882 (44.9)14,577 (45.8)
 3–421,351 (41.4)8077 (40.8)13,274 (41.7)
  ≥ 56775 (13.1)2829 (14.3)3946 (12.4)
Hospitalized member
 Yes11,147 (21.6)3987 (20.1)7160 (22.5)
 No40,438 (78.4)15,801 (79.9)24,637 (77.5)
Member with chronic disease
 Yes23,634 (45.8)9342 (47.2)14,292 (44.9)
 No27,951 (54.2)10,446 (52.8)17,505 (55.1)
Member > 60 years of age
 Yes23,367 (45.3)9030 (45.6)14,337 (45.1)
 No28,218 (54.7)10,758 (54.4)17,460 (54.9)
Member < 5 years of age
 Yes8712 (16.9)3210 (16.2)5502 (17.3)
 No42,873 (83.1)16,578 (83.8)26,295 (82.7)
Preferred medical institution
 Primary medical institutions41,028 (79.5)15,193 (76.8)25,835 (81.2)
 Non-primary medical institutions10,557 (20.5)4595 (23.2)5962 (18.8)
Household income
 Quintile I (Poorest)10,328 (20.0)3962 (20.0)6366 (20.0)
Quintile II10,329 (20.0)3954 (20.0)6375 (20.0)
 Quintile III10,298 (20.0)3957 (20.0)6341 (19.9)
 Quintile IV10,345 (20.1)3958 (20.0)6387 (20.1)
 Quintile V (Richest)10,285 (19.9)3957 (20.0)6328 (19.9)
  1. UEBMI urban employee basic medical insurance, URBMI urban resident basic medical insurance, NRCMS new rural cooperative medical scheme, URRBMI urban and rural residents’ basic medical insurance system, USBMI universal social basic medical insurance