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Table 1 Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of neonates admitted to SNCU

From: Neonatal mortality and associated factors in the specialized neonatal care unit Asmara, Eritrea

VariablesNumberPercent (%)
Gender
 Male72159.9
 Female48340.1
Gestation Age (Weeks)
 Full-term(> = 37 weeks)96279.9
 Preterm(< 37 weeks)24220.1
Birth Weight (Kg)
 High birth weight (> = 4)433.6
 Normal birth weight (2.5–3.99)76664.0
 Low birth weight (1.5–2.49)30525.5
 Very Low birth weight (1.0–1.49)595.0
 Extremely Low birth weight (< 1.0)221.9
Diagnosis to Admission time
  < 1 h48140.0
 1 h −24 h30625.4
  >= 24 h41734.6
Apgar Score (1 min)a
 Good Vitality(> = 7)61656.9
 Poor Vitality(< 7)46643.1
Apgar Score (5 min) a
 Good Vitality86679.8
 Poor Vitality21920.2
Length of stay in SNCU
  < = 1 day20316.9
  > 1 day100183.1
Congenital Abnormality
 Yes826.8
 No112293.2
Place of Delivery
 Gynecology-Obstetrics102184.8
 Other health facilities14211.8
 Home Delivery413.4
Mode of Delivery
 Spontaneous vaginal delivery95279.1
 Elective CS12910.7
 Emergency CS12310.2
Gestational Size
 Appropriate for Gestational Age96380.5
 Small for Gestational Age21117.6
 Lare for Gestational Age231.9
Mother Age
 40+685.6
 30–3940833.9
 20–2967956.4
  < 20494.1
Maternal Condition
 Normal113093.9
 Eclampsia/Pre-eclampsia373.1
 Diabetes Mellitus90.7
 Urinary Tract Infection80.6
 Othersb201.7
Antenatal Visit
 Yes115495.8
 No504.2
Traditional Practice  
 Circumcision60.5
 Uvilectomy90.7
 Additional Food20.2
 No traditional practice118798.6
  1. aN doesn’t include missing values
  2. bAnemia, Cardiac disease, Febrile, Candidacies, HIV, and Epilepsy