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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of covariates with male caregiver-adolescent dyads

From: Violence against children and intimate partner violence against women: overlap and common contributing factors among caregiver-adolescent dyads

 

None

IPV ‘Only’

VAC ‘Only’

IPV and VAC

p

n = 66

n = 20

n = 67

n = 51

 

Caregiver Report

 Age, mean (SD)

49.68 (14.42)

45.35 (9.78)

44.22 (11.27)

45.69 (9.62)

0.06

Education, % (n)

Primary

68.75 (44)

66.67 (12)

73.85 (48)

80.39 (41)

0.49

High School or more

31.25 (20)

33.33 (6)

26.15 (17)

19.61 (10)

 

Religion, % (n)

Catholic/Christian

84.85 (56)

75 (15)

79.1 (53)

78.43 (40)

0.71

Muslim

15.15 (10)

25 (5)

20.9 (14)

21.57 (11)

 

SES, mean (SD)

−0.06 (0.24)

0.06 (0.27)

0 (0.22)

0 (0.27)

0.28

Mental distress (SRQ), mean (SD)

3.97 (3.71)

5.45 (4.36)

5.07 (3.73)

6.43 (3.96)

0.01

Alcohol, median (min-max)a

0 (0–5)

0 (0–6)

0 (0–6)

0 (0–6)

0.10

Partner Living Status, % (n)

Do not live together

6.06 (4)

5 (1)

4.48 (3)

1.96 (1)

0.76

Live together

93.94 (62)

95 (19)

95.52 (64)

98.04 (50)

 

 Intimate Partner Emotional Attachment, mean (SD)

15.38 (3.17)

14.68 (3.02)

14.66 (3.12)

13.86 (2.41)

0.07

 Attitudes toward VAC, mean (SD)

12 (3.16)

14.25 (3.37)

12.66 (3.78)

15.39 (4.2)

0.00

Adolescent Report

Sex, % (n)

Female

40.91 (27)

50 (10)

61.19 (41)

43.14 (22)

0.09

Male

59.09 (39)

50 (10)

38.81 (26)

56.86 (29)

 

 Children age, mean (SD)

14.08 (1.21)

14.5 (1.28)

13.99 (1.24)

14.35 (0.98)

0.18

Physical disability, % (n)

No

75.76 (50)

85 (17)

83.58 (56)

82.35 (42)

0.63

Yes

24.24 (16)

15 (3)

16.42 (11)

17.65 (9)

 

Family Structure, % (n)

Lives with bio mother

31.82 (21)

35 (7)

25.37 (17)

31.37 (16)

0.96

Lives with bio father

9.09 (6)

10 (2)

5.97 (4)

7.84 (4)

 

Lives with both bio parents

27.27 (18)

25 (5)

38.81 (26)

31.37 (16)

 

Lives with neither bio parent

31.82 (21)

30 (6)

29.85 (20)

29.41 (15)

 

 Mental health difficulties (SDQ), mean (SD)

14.58 (5.05)

14.91 (5.62)

14.88 (5.18)

14.28 (5.01)

0.711

 Belong, mean (SD)

14.88 (4.8)

13.8 (3.19)

14.28 (4.68)

14.12 (4.87)

0.74

Study arm, % (n)

Control

45.45 (30)

35.00 (7)

62.69 (42)

43.14 (22)

0.07

Intervention

54.55 (36)

65.00 (13)

37.31 (25)

56.86 (29)

 
  1. ANOVA for continuous variables; Chi-square for nominal variables; aKruskall-Wallis for ordinal variables