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Table 3 Discrete time hazard model (selected) results for all-cause mortality, cancer-related mortality and suicide, with and without sickness absence

From: Sick leave absence and the relationship between intra-generational social mobility and mortality: health selection in Sweden

 All-cause mortalityCancer-related mortalityCVD-related mortalitySuicide
Adjusted baselineIncluding sickness absenceAdjusted baselineIncluding sickness absenceAdjusted baselineIncluding sickness absenceAdjusted baselineIncluding sickness absence
Men
 Social mobility
  No mobility11111111
  Upward0.77 (0.71–0.84)0.82 (0.76–0.89)0.78 (0.68–0.89)0.85 (0.74–0.97)0.74 (0.64–0.85)0.76 (0.66–0.88)0.76 (0.59–0.99)0.80 (0.62–1.04)
  Downward1.06 (0.97–1.16)1.01 (0.93–1.11)1.23 (1.07–1.42)1.16 (1.00–1.33)0.99 (0.84–1.16)0.96 (0.82–1.13)0.74 (0.52–1.05)0.72 (0.51–1.01)
 Unemployed during the year
  Relative to blue collar working class1.67 (1.56–1.78)1.53 (1.43–1.64)1.56 (1.38–1.77)1.40 (1.23–1.58)1.44 (1.28–1.63)1.38 (1.23–1.56)1.85 (1.49–2.29)1.67 (1.34–2.07)
 Sickness absence
  none 1 1 1 1
  Bottom 25% 1.65 (1.54–1.77) 1.84 (1.64–2.06) 1.38 (1.21–1.57) 1.66 (1.31–2.11)
  25–50% 2.04 (1.92–2.17) 2.55 (2.33–2.80) 1.50 (1.33–1.69) 2.42 (1.98–2.97)
  50–75% 2.68 (2.55–2.81) 3.71 (3.45–3.99) 1.68 (1.51–1.87) 2.88 (2.41–3.45)
  Top 25% 3.81 (3.67–3.96) 5.51 (5.21–5.83) 2.42 (2.24–2.62) 3.35 (2.86–3.92)
  Number of observations11,409,42611,409,42611,409,42611,409,42611,409,42611,409,42611,409,42611,409,426
  Log likelihood− 167,177,7− 164,800,1−72,620,6−70,906,4−58,102,8−57,862,8−18,189,4−18,036,5
Women
 Social mobility
  No mobility11111111
  Upward0.98 (0.90–1.06)1.03 (0.93–1.14)1.08 (0.97–1.19)1.15 (1.04–1.28)0.84 (0.68–1.04)0.86 (0.69–1.06)0.65 (0.43–0.96)0.67 (0.45–1.00)
  Downward1.08 (0.97–1.19)1.03 (0.95–1.12)1.14 (1.01–1.30)1.08 (0.95–1.23)1.05 (0.82–1.33)1.03 (0.81–1.31)0.95 (0.60–1.51)0.92 (0.58–1.46)
 Unemployed during the year
  Relative to blue collar working class1.66 (1.51–1.82)1.51 (1.43–1.64)1.76 (1.56–2.00)1.57 (1.38–1.78)1.20 (0.97–1.49)1.17 (0.94–1.45)1.55 (1.03–2.33)1.40 (0.93–2.11)
 Sickness absence
  none 1 1 1 1
  Bottom 25% 1.38 (1.29–1.47) 1.41 (1.30–1.54) 1.25 (1.06–1.47) 1.65 (1.26–2.17)
  25–50% 1.78 (1.68–1.88) 1.98 (1.84–2.12) 1.26 (1.08–1.47) 2.46 (1.96–3.09)
  50–75% 2.64 (2.53–2.76) 3.12 (2.96–3.30) 1.52 (1.34–1.74) 2.79 (2.27–3.42)
  Top 25% 4.72 (4.57–4.87) 6.23 (6.00–6.47) 1.93 (1.74–2.15) 4.06 (3.45–4.79)
  Number of observations15,769,78315,768,78315,769,78315,769,78315,769,78315,769,78315,769,78315,769,783
  Log likelihood− 172,335,5− 168,331,5−116,915,7−113,083,5−31,983,7−31,904,4−11,283,3−11,133,8
  1. Note: results adjusted for age, marital status, foreign born, educational attainment, living in metropolitan area, and origin and destination status. Confidence intervals in parentheses