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Table 1 Descriptive statistics among men and women with and without registered sickness absence (SA, leading variable): Row percent (%) of person/years in each background variable category. SA measured in quartiles (Q1-Q4)

From: Sick leave absence and the relationship between intra-generational social mobility and mortality: health selection in Sweden

 Men (n men/years = 11,409,426)Women (n women/years = 15,768,800)
Row % of all person/yearsNo SAQ1 SAQ2 SAQ3 SAQ4 SAChi2 p-valueRow % of all person/yearsNo SAQ1 SAQ2 SAQ3 SAQ4 SAChi2 p-value
Age
 17–251.695.01.71.51.30.6 1.591.33.42.42.00.9 
 26–304.793.72.11.91.50.9 4.184.45.64.53.71.8 
 31–359.192.92.42.01.61.2 7.982.26.04.94.22.8 
 36–4012.492.12.52.11.81.5 11.183.05.04.44.13.5 
 41–4514.191.62.52.22.01.7 13.584.04.44.03.93.8 
 46–5014.790.72.62.32.32.2 15.383.14.34.24.14.2 
 51–5515.789.22.72.62.72.8 16.881.24.64.64.75.0 
 56–6015.287.02.93.03.43.8 16.379.34.74.85.35.9 
 61–6512.688.12.22.63.23.90.000013.582.13.64.04.85.50.0000
Marital status
 Married/reg. Partnership54.190.72.42.32.32.3 56.182.84.44.34.34.2 
 Unmarried33.290.92.52.32.22.0 25.983.84.74.13.93.5 
 Prior marriage/reg. Partnership12.886.93.03.13.33.70.000018.078.24.95.25.66.10.0000
Country of birth
 Born in Sweden92.090.62.52.32.32.3 91.682.54.64.34.44.2 
 Foreign born8.086.63.13.03.24.10.00008.479.24.84.95.16.10.0000
Education
 In education1.689.52.52.42.82.9 3.181.74.84.34.64.6 
  < =2 years of sec. Education46.087.33.33.13.13.3 47.379.65.04.95.05.5 
  > 2 years of sec. Education15.491.32.42.22.12.0 11.683.74.94.33.93.3 
  < =3 years higher education15.492.72.01.81.91.7 16.883.94.34.14.13.6 
  > 3 years higher education21.494.41.51.41.51.30.000021.186.23.63.63.63.00.0000
Residence
 Rural or small city69.489.92.62.52.52.5 69.781.94.64.44.54.6 
 Large city30.691.12.42.22.22.20.000030.383.14.54.34.24.00.0000
Origin social class
 Professional37.093.31.71.71.81.6 29.085.53.73.73.83.3 
 Intermediate11.293.01.81.71.81.7 20.284.54.23.93.93.6 
 White collar workers9.789.12.92.72.72.7 35.779.95.25.04.95.1 
 Blue collar workers42.187.23.43.23.13.20.000015.178.55.35.15.25.90.0000
Destination class
 Professional29.694.31.71.61.51.0 24.386.93.83.73.42.2 
 Intermediate6.993.61.91.81.71.1 12.985.34.54.03.72.4 
 White collar workers5.589.43.33.02.71.7 20.081.75.85.14.52.9 
 Blue collar workers23.388.13.83.42.91.8 7.679.26.35.75.23.7 
 Studying1.290.81.91.82.43.2 2.382.44.03.94.55.2 
 No activity4.785.21.31.73.48.4 5.281.01.12.24.611.1 
 Unemployment3.984.14.44.24.23.0 3.976.87.26.15.84.1 
 Missing24.988.72.32.42.73.90.000023.978.54.24.55.27.70.0000
Social mobility
 Upward7.593.52.11.81.60.9 7.085.94.74.03.42.0 
 No mobility54.691.42.72.42.21.4 55.183.94.94.54.12.7 
 Downward3.290.72.82.62.41.6 2.782.55.44.84.43.0 
 Not applicable34.787.82.42.53.04.40.000035.278.94.14.35.17.60.0000
  1. Note: missing categories for marital status and education not shown as shares were < =0.1%