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Table 3 Mediation of distances to roads/structures and mosquito prevention measures on the association between environmental capital and immature mosquito abundance, Coatepeque and Génova, Guatemala, 2017

From: Associations between household environmental factors and immature mosquito abundance in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala

CharacteristicControlled direct effectNatural indirect effectTotal effectProportion mediated
Estimate95% CIEstimate95% CIEstimate95% CI
Total number of larvae
 Fumigated house1.30*1.12, 1.48−0.14−0.37, 0.101.16*0.88, 1.45−0.12
 Cleaned containers1.24*1.06, 1.43−0.12−0.53, 0.281.12*0.65, 1.56−0.10
 Distance to paved road (m)−0.26*−0.46, − 0.085.51*5.15, 5.885.25*4.95, 5.521.05
 Distance to highway (m)1.16*0.98, 1.34−0.03− 0.05, 0.021.13*0.94, 1.35−0.03
 Distance to nearest structure (m)−0.01*−0.23, − 0.193.22*2.80, 3.653.21*2.83, 3.591.00
Total number of pupae
 Fumigated house0.01−0.08, 0.10−0.05− 0.13, 0.03−0.03− 0.16, 0.090.73
 Cleaned containers−0.03−0.13, 0.06− 0.02−0.08, 0.04− 0.04−0.17, 0.060.33
 Distance to paved road (m)−0.31*−0.39, − 0.231.53*1.39, 1.661.22*1.11, 1.311.25
 Distance to highway (m)−0.03−0.13, 0.06− 0.01−0.03, 0.02− 0.04−0.15, 0.080.18
 Distance to nearest structure (m)−0.31*−0.42, − 0.210.85*0.71, 1.010.55*0.41, 0.681.56
  1. *p-value< 0.05