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Table 3 Association between potential risk factors and major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

From: Gender-specific prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder in a Chinese rural population: the Henan rural cohort study

VariableTotalMenWomen
MDD (n = 583)GAD (n = 481)MDD (n = 583)GAD (n = 481)MDD (n = 1209)GAD (n = 1178)
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Age
 18~1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 30~1.27 (0.89–1.81)1.48 (1.01–2.18)*1.33 (0.77–2.31)1.48 (0.76–2.85)1.28 (0.81–2.03)1.51 (0.93–2.43)
 40~1.31 (0.94–1.81)1.59 (1.11–2.28)*1.10 (0.66–1.84)1.47 (0.80–2.70)1.46 (0.95–2.24)1.64 (1.05–2.56)*
 50~1.36(0.99–1.86)1.67 (1.17–2.37)*0.86 (0.52–1.41)1.24 (0.68–2.26)1.66 (1.09–2.53)*1.81 (1.16–2.81)*
 60~1.15 (0.83–1.59)1.27 (0.89–1.82)0.70 (0.42–1.16)0.95 (0.52–1.73)1.45 (0.94–2.23)1.38 (0.88–2.17)
 70~1.06 (0.75–1.48)1.23 (0.85–1.80)0.67 (0.40–1.14)0.89 (0.47–1.67)1.30 (0.83–2.04)1.36 (0.85–2.19)
P trend< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001< 0.0010.5740.592
P interaction0.0010.161    
Sex
 Men1.001.00    
 Women1.30 (1.13–1.49)*1.54 (1.33–1.80)    
Marital status
 Married/ cohabiting1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Widowed/single/divorced1.22 (1.05–1.43)*1.19 (1.01–1.41)*1.37 (1.06–1.77)*1.22 (0.91–1.65)1.11 (0.91–1.35)1.15 (0.94–1.41)
Education level
 Primary school or below1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Junior high school or above0.76 (0.68–0.84)*0.72 (0.62–0.84)*0.75 (0.62–0.90)*0.79 (0.64–0.97)*0.79 (0.69–0.91)*0.73 (0.64–0.84)*
Per capita monthly income
  < 5001.001.001.001.001.001.00
 500~0.63 (0.56–0.71)*0.73 (0.65–0.83)*0.62 (0.51–0.77)*0.77 (0.61–0.97)*0.64 (0.55–0.74)*0.69 (0.59–0.80)*
  ≥ 10000.63 (0.56–0.72)*0.78 (0.68–0.88)*0.66 (0.54–0.81)*0.82 (0.65–1.03)0.62 (0.54–0.72)*0.70 (0.61–0.82)*
P trend< 0.0010.069< 0.0010.069< 0.001< 0.001
Current smoking
 No1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Yes0.99 (0.84–1.18)0.95 (0.78–1.14)0.97 (0.82–1.16)0.95 (0.78–1.14)1.26 (0.50–3.20)1.59 (0.67–3.77)
Current drinking
 No1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Yes0.81 (0.68–0.96)*0.88 (0.74–1.06)0.75 (0.62–0.91)*0.80 (0.66–0.98)*1.07 (0.70–1.63)1.13 (0.75–1.71)
Physical activity
 Low1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Moderate0.88 (0.78–0.99)*1.11 (0.97–1.26)0.88 (0.72–1.09)1.04 (0.82–1.31)0.91 (0.79–1.05)1.17 (1.01–1.36)*
 High0.89 (0.78–1.01)1.20 (1.05–1.37)*0.79 (0.65–0.97)*1.01 (0.81–1.26)0.95 (0.81–1.11)1.31 (1.11–1.54)*
P trend0.0700.0030.0220.9420.4790.001
Chronic diseases history
 No1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Yes1.11 (1.01–1.24)*1.09 (0.97–1.22)1.13 (0.94–1.36)1.03 (0.84–1.25)1.12 (0.98–1.28)1.12 (0.98–1.28)
Body-mass index
 Underweight1.43 (1.09–1.87)*1.01 (0.73–1.37)1.49 (0.99–2.25)1.34 (0.83–2.15)1.41 (1.01–1.98)*0.85 (0.57–1.29)
 Normal1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Overweight0.87 (0.78–0.97)*0.84 (0.75–0.94)*0.84 (0.69–1.01)0.86 (0.70–1.06)0.87 (0.76–0.99)*0.81 (0.71–0.93)*
 Obesity0.86 (0.74–0.99)*0.70 (0.60–0.82)*0.66 (0.50–0.88)*0.66 (0.48–0.90)*0.90 (0.76–1.07)0.69 (0.57–0.82)*
P trend0.0010.003< 0.0010.0030.0230.001
  1. *P < 0.05; P interaction: the interaction term between gender and age