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Table 1 Demographic characteristics

From: Gender-specific prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder in a Chinese rural population: the Henan rural cohort study

VariableMenWomen
MDDa (n = 583)Non-MDD (n = 11,650)PGADb (n = 481)Non-GAD (n = 11,752)PMDD (n = 1209)Non-MDD (n = 16,551)PGAD (n = 1178)Non-GAD (n = 16,582)P
Age (years), mean ± SD56.13 ± 12.86056.51 ± 12.3620.47455.97 ± 12.29456.51 ± 12.3900.35156.34 ± 11.41454.62 ± 12.347< 0.00155.87 ± 11.17454.66 ± 12.365< 0.001
Marital status, n (%)  0.001  0.114  0.085  0.148
 Married/ cohabiting503(86.28)10,537(90.45) 424(88.15)10,616(90.33) 1072(88.67)14,929(90.20) 1047(88.88)14,954(90.18) 
 Widowed/single/divorced80(13.72)1114(9.55) 57(11.85)1136(9.67) 137(11.33)1622(9.80) 131(11.12)1628(9.82) 
Education level, n (%)  < 0.001  0.022  < 0.001  < 0.001
 Primary school or below235(40.31)3853(33.07) 184(38.25)3904(33.22) 719(59.47)8468(51.16) 702(59.59)8485(51.17) 
 Junior high school or above348(59.69)7797(66.93) 297(71.75)7848(66.78) 490(40.53)8083(48.84) 384(32.60)5774(34.82) 
Per capita monthly income, n (%)  < 0.001  0.030  < 0.001  < 0.001
  < 500277(47.51)4197(36.03) 203(42.21)4271(36.34) 572(47.31)5786(34.96) 528(44.82)5830(35.16) 
 500~145(24.87)3600(30.90) 131(27.23)3614(30.75) 327(27.05)5374(32.47) 325(27.59)5376(32.42) 
  ≥ 1000161(27.62)3853(33.07) 147(30.56)3867(32.91) 310(25.64)5391(32.57) 325(27.59)5376(032.42) 
Current smoking, n (%)277(47.51)5691(48.85)0.529229(47.61)5739(48.83)0.5985(0.41)47(0.28)0.4016(0.51)46(0.28)0.156
Current drinking, n (%)188(32.25)4696(40.31)< 0.001166(34.51)4718(40.15)0.01324(1.99)321(1.94)0.91226(2.21)319(1.92)0.496
Physical activity, n (%)  0.039  0.848  0.261  0.001
 Low227(38.94)4016(34.47) 162(33.68)4081(34.73) 379(31.35)4940(29.85) 304(25.81)5015(30.24) 
 Moderate165(28.30)3271(28.08) 140(29.11)3296(28.05) 490(40.53)7104(42.92) 504(42.78)7090(42.76) 
 High191(32.76)4363(37.45) 179(37.21)4375(37.2) 340(28.12)4507(27.23) 370(31.41)4477(27.00) 
Chronic diseases history, n (%)369(63.29)7294(62.61)0.739293(60.91)7370(62.71)0.424760(62.86)9649(58.30)0.002723(61.38)9686(58.41)0.046
BMIc (kg/m2), mean ± SD23.89 ± 3.54724.52 ± 3.459< 0.00123.95 ± 3.36724.51 ± 3.468< 0.00124.68 ± 3.75424.92 ± 3.6180.03724.49 ± 3.61224.93 ± 3.627< 0.001
  1. aMDD: major depressive disorder, bGAD generalized anxiety disorder, cBMI body-mass index