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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate analyses for self-harm behaviors in all left-behind children

From: Resilience and self-harm among left-behind children in Yunnan, China: a community-based survey

VariableUnivariate modelMultivariate model 1Multivariate model 2
OR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)p value OR (95%CI)p value
Gender
 FemaleRef     
 Male1.25(1.08–1.44)< 0.010.78 (0.66–0.92)< 0.010.72 (0.61–0.86)< 0.01
Ethnicity
 HanRef     
 Zhuang1.08 (0.89–1.31)0.45
 Miao1.10 (0.87–1.39)0.44
 Other0.87 (0.59–1.26)0.46
Grade
 Primary SchoolRef     
 Middle School1.65 (1.39–1.97)< 0.011.66 (1.35–2.04)< 0.011.56 (1.27–1.93)< 0.01
 High school0.96 (0.76–1.20)0.700.99 (0.77–1.29)0.960.88 (0.67–1.15)0.36
Father’s age (+ 1 year)1.02 (1.01–1.03)0.011.02 (0.99–1.04)0.221.02 (0.99–1.05)0.20
Mother’s age (+ 1 year)1.02 (1.00–1.03)0.040.10 (0.97–1.03)0.890.10 (0.97–1.02)0.72
Father’s education level
 Illiterate/semi-illiterateRef     
 Primary School0.84 (0.71–1.00)0.050.82 (0.68–0.98)0.030.80 (0.66–0.96)0.02
 Middle School or above0.77 (0.63–0.96)0.020.80 (0.64–1.01)0.070.78 (0.62–0.99)0.04
Mother’s education level
 Illiterate/semi-illiterateRef     
 Primary School0.91 (0.76–1.09)0.32
 Middle School or above0.87 (0.65–1.17)0.36
Resilience
 RSCA< 94.0Ref     
 RSCA≥94.00.42 (0.36–0.48)< 0.010.40 (0.34–0.48)< 0.01
Resilience dimensions
 Emotion regulation (+ 1 average score)  0.03 (0.01–0.06)< 0.01
 Goal concentration (+ 1 average score)  0.26 (0.10–0.69)0.01
 Interpersonal assistance (+ 1 average score)  0.17 (0.08–0.36)< 0.01
 Positive perception (+ 1 average score)  1.83 (0.69–4.84)0.23
 Family support (+ 1 average score)  0.26 (0.09–0.70)0.01
  1. Abbreviation: RSCA, the Resilience Scale for Chinese adolescents