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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate analyses for self-harm behaviors in all left-behind children

From: Resilience and self-harm among left-behind children in Yunnan, China: a community-based survey

Variable

Univariate model

Multivariate model 1

Multivariate model 2

OR (95%CI)

OR (95%CI)

p value

 

OR (95%CI)

p value

Gender

 Female

Ref

     

 Male

1.25(1.08–1.44)

< 0.01

0.78 (0.66–0.92)

< 0.01

0.72 (0.61–0.86)

< 0.01

Ethnicity

 Han

Ref

     

 Zhuang

1.08 (0.89–1.31)

0.45

 Miao

1.10 (0.87–1.39)

0.44

 Other

0.87 (0.59–1.26)

0.46

Grade

 Primary School

Ref

     

 Middle School

1.65 (1.39–1.97)

< 0.01

1.66 (1.35–2.04)

< 0.01

1.56 (1.27–1.93)

< 0.01

 High school

0.96 (0.76–1.20)

0.70

0.99 (0.77–1.29)

0.96

0.88 (0.67–1.15)

0.36

Father’s age (+ 1 year)

1.02 (1.01–1.03)

0.01

1.02 (0.99–1.04)

0.22

1.02 (0.99–1.05)

0.20

Mother’s age (+ 1 year)

1.02 (1.00–1.03)

0.04

0.10 (0.97–1.03)

0.89

0.10 (0.97–1.02)

0.72

Father’s education level

 Illiterate/semi-illiterate

Ref

     

 Primary School

0.84 (0.71–1.00)

0.05

0.82 (0.68–0.98)

0.03

0.80 (0.66–0.96)

0.02

 Middle School or above

0.77 (0.63–0.96)

0.02

0.80 (0.64–1.01)

0.07

0.78 (0.62–0.99)

0.04

Mother’s education level

 Illiterate/semi-illiterate

Ref

     

 Primary School

0.91 (0.76–1.09)

0.32

 Middle School or above

0.87 (0.65–1.17)

0.36

Resilience

 RSCA< 94.0

Ref

     

 RSCA≥94.0

0.42 (0.36–0.48)

< 0.01

0.40 (0.34–0.48)

< 0.01

Resilience dimensions

 Emotion regulation (+ 1 average score)

  

0.03 (0.01–0.06)

< 0.01

 Goal concentration (+ 1 average score)

  

0.26 (0.10–0.69)

0.01

 Interpersonal assistance (+ 1 average score)

  

0.17 (0.08–0.36)

< 0.01

 Positive perception (+ 1 average score)

  

1.83 (0.69–4.84)

0.23

 Family support (+ 1 average score)

  

0.26 (0.09–0.70)

0.01

  1. Abbreviation: RSCA, the Resilience Scale for Chinese adolescents