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Table 4 Association between relevant demographic characteristics and overall knowledge and perception scores on use of opioids-containing products (n = 520)

From: Extent of misuse and dependence of codeine-containing products among medical and pharmacy students in a Nigerian University

VariablePerception of risks, n (%)Knowledge of use, n (%)
 Good (score ≥ 80%)Poor (score < 80%)Good (score ≥ 80%)Poor (score < 80%)
Age (years)
 16–20167 (89.3)20 (10.7)88 (47.1)99 (52.9)
  ≥ 20302 (90.7)31 (9.3)113 (33.9)220 (66.1)
 [X2 = 0.260 p-value = 0.610][X2 = 8.699 p-value = 0.003*]
Gender
 Male235 (89.4)28 (10.6)93 (35.4)170 (64.6)
 Female234 (91.1)23 (8.9)108 (42.0)149 (58.0)
 [X2 = 0.423 p-value = 0.515][X2 = 2.433 p-value = 0.119]
Faculty
 Pharmacy171 (92.4)14 (7.6)87 (47.0)98 (53.0)
 Medicine and surgery298 (89.0)37 (11.0)114 (34.0)221 (66.0)
 [X2 = 1.629 p-value = 0.202][X2 = 8.490 p-value = 0.004*]
  1. *Significance difference with Chi-square (X2) test, level of significance, p < 0.05