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Table 2 Immigration-related characteristics of the 1st and 2nd generation immigrants

From: Mental health among immigrants in Germany – the impact of self-attribution and attribution by others as an immigrant

 Immigrants total
N = 248 (100%)
1st Generation
N = 115 (46.4%)
2nd Generation
N = 133 (53.6%)
χ2
Age at immigration
 M / SD22.45 / 13.07 
Length of stay
 M / SD25.01 / 14.65 
Parents immigration status78.60**
 One immigrant parent84 (33.9%)6 (5.2%)78 (58.6%)
 Both immigrant parents164 (66.1%)109 (94.8%)55 (41.4%)
German citizenship56.38**
 Yes178 (71.8%)56 (48.7%)122 (91.7%)
 No70 (28.2%)59 (51.3%)11 (8.3%)
Country/region of origin18.19*
 Poland30 (12.1%)13 (11.3%)17 (12.8%)
 Turkey40 (16.1%)19 (16.5%)21 (15.8%)
 Former Yugoslaviaa13 (5.2%)6 (5.2%)7 (5.3%)
 Former Soviet Unionb31 (12.5%)23 (20.0%)8 (6.0%)
 South-western EU countriesc60 (24.2%)22 (19.1%)38 (28.6%)
 Eastern EU countriesd23 (9.3%)10 (8.7%)13 (9.8%)
 African countriese12 (4.8%)6 (5.2%)6 (4.5%)
 Middle East countriesf15 (6.0%)6 (5.2%)9 (6.8%)
 Far Eastern countriesg10 (4.0%)7 (6.1%)3 (2.3%)
 Otherh14 (5.6%)3 (2.6%)11 (8.3%)
Self-attribution as immigrant51.19**
 Yes85 (34.3%)66 (57.4%)19 (14.3%)
 No161 (64.9%)48 (41.7%)113 (85.0%)
 Missing2 (0.8%)1 (0.9%)1 (0.8%)
Anticipated attribution by others as immigrant46.48**
 Yes109 (44.0%)77 (67.0%)32 (24.1%)
 No137 (55.2%)37 (32.2%)100 (75.2%)
 Missing2 (0.8%)1 (0.9%)1 (0.8%)
  1. **p < .001; *p < .05; aAlbania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia; bKazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation, Ukraine, Uzbekistan; cBelgium, France, Greece, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland, Spain, Sweden; dBulgaria, Romania, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Hungary; eEgypt, Algeria, Ghana, Kenia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Morocco, Senegal, Tunis; fAfghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, Syria; gBangladesh, China, India, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; hArgentinia, Australia, Brazil, Chile, USA